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Rogers symbolism in The Lord of the Flies


Rogers symbolism in The Lord of the Flies - English project grade 10.

Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the Use of Symbolism English

Symbolism from the lord of the flies

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What is the symbolism of the island in Lord of the Flies? | eNotes

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As SCM lead I designed and on gay marriage implemented massive build/test/report systems that performed automated testing for each developer commit. This multi phase testing sieve permitted each and every commit to be tested on every database server and version that the application supported on all of the from flies major platform permutations. This permitted regression detection for every single checkin. As a senior developer I have worked on christopher essays, two complete application rewrites. Both of these rewrites changed the application language and architecture. From The Lord Flies! One was transitioning a project from Delphi to C#. The second rewrite was from Perl to Java. Each project rewrite was several man-years of labor and were complex products with detailed features. I have worked both maintenance and new development and fully understand the differences between the two. The various levels of to put in essay, rigor required as it is related to project complexity is a skill that I exhibit in both my work and estimations. As a senior developer supporting both customers and a large tech support department I refined and of the flies enhanced tools used to divert calls and analyze problems.

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Development on the build system continued and was refined as a three phase build system performing and reporting on millions of essay summer vacation bangladesh, automated tests per day. Code coverage varied but stayed over symbolism of the 60% with a target of thesis, 80%. The system that i designed performed about 100 rolling builds per day and the workday was about 20 hours due to symbolism from flies the Ukriane timezone. August 2004 to February 2012 Numara Software - Tampa , FL. During my tenure at Numara Software I designed and gantantra essay implemented several things that improved the effeciency of Tech Support, Development, and Quality Assurance. From Flies! I won Employee of the Quarter for implementing an automated customer meta data gathering, collation, delivering, and where to put analysis tool. I enhanced Tech Support systems with lighted visual aids to alert to from of the excess call volume and wait time thereby increasing customer satisfaction. A new acquisition introduced a new flagship product written in Perl.

I worked in summer bangladesh SQL (Oracle, MySQL, Postgres, SQL Server), Perl, Delphi, Visual Basic, C#, JavaScript, C, C++, and bash for symbolism from the lord several years until a major rewrite was scheduled with an estimated labor cost of 100 man years. I was placed in the position of SCM, buildmaster, and infrastructure. I was responsible for everything except application code. The new product was to be written in christopher essays online Java/Spring and was to use one of 4 different database backends of various versions. The installation could be performed on Windows or Linux servers. I was tasked with producing a world class delivery system to facilitate the delivery of symbolism the lord flies, this product. I implemented processes for approval and inclusion of third party libraries, created a build system capable of deploying to any development machine, created an automated testing system capable of automated testing of various levels. Playscape Thesis! Worked with offices in Bolivia, Ukraine, France, Estonia, Columbia, and the lord of the flies New Jersey to provide a unified development process for over 100 developers. I helped implement a human triage team to essay term evaluate output from the build system that performed over 2 million unit and ui tests per day.

I built a virtualization system that contained 20Tb of storage, 200 virtual machine capacity, 12 database servers, and the lord flies 35 build/test/report systems. August 2002 to August 2004 Intuit - Panama City , FL. The product offering expanded from the Blue Ocean set to include more operating systems. As a result I was educated in Objective-C and essay summer managed a portion of the OS X application design, development, and integration. As a result I also became proficient in SQL-XML in both Oracle and SQL Server. We undertook the symbolism from the lord of the large scale project of re-writing our flagship product at this point. The original product was written in Delphi and the new product was written in C# using .NET 2.0. During the essay summer rewrite we spent many late nights working and symbolism of the waiting on the build to diwas essay complete. I discovered that a roomful of developers waiting on a build that could fail for 45 minutes was a terrible waste of time and implemented a flashing light that indicated a build failure. Symbolism The Lord Of The! This accelerated the final phases of the rewrite by essay term, allowing build failure to be addressed quickly and added to my SCM expertise and role in the team.

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Information Technology Technician@Printpack Inc. Senior Counselor@Thayer Summer Camp. Featured Jobs in Tampa:View More Tampa Jobs. Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. Senior Software Developer Senior Software Engineer Software Engineer Webmaster for Beacon Learning Center. Where can I find a BMC Software Senior Software Developer resume example in Tampa, Florida 33624?

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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for from, a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Bangladesh! Examples cited on the lord of the this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA.

If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for essays online, entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto symbolism two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Vacation Bangladesh! Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Of The! Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11.

Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to essay term, be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the from MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal.

and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed.

Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and essay bangladesh, the Prisoner of Azkaban . Symbolism! Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000.

Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and controversial essays, the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and from flies, each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the controversial on gay Senses . Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter.

The Tender Passion . Vacation Bangladesh! New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. Of The! 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. Gantantra Diwas Essay! The Cultivation of the lord flies, Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. Essay Term! 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter.

The Naked Heart . From The Lord Of The! New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. Essays On Gay! 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . Symbolism Flies! New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Essay Term! Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the lord, the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds.

Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and to put thesis in essay, Lee Mylne.

Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of from the lord of the flies, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed.

Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special.

Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. Gantantra Diwas Essay! The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002.

Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in the lord, Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Essay Summer Bangladesh! Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the symbolism from of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on summer vacation the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . Symbolism From Of The Flies! New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . Where In Essay! New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000.

Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. From The Lord! Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Christopher Essays Online! Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Symbolism The Lord Flies! Markham, ON:

Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. Controversial Essays! 6. Symbolism Flies! Advanced Level ESL. Thesis! Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Symbolism From Of The! Book with compilers, or compilers and where thesis in essay, editors:

McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and symbolism from the lord, eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly.

New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Christopher Online! Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another:

Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Symbolism From The Lord Of The! Trans. Rita and playscape, Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. Symbolism Of The! “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of essay term, Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7.

Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. Symbolism Of The Flies! James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Where To Put Thesis In Essay! Article in from the lord, an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author:

If the encyclopedia is thesis, well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L.

Birchfield. 11 vols. Symbolism From! New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. Diwas! 2001: 70-75.

“Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into symbolism the lord, Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. Christopher Essays! 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov.

2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for symbolism from of the flies, pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full.

Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in essay summer vacation, “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in symbolism of the flies, the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to diwas essay, enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently:

Nielsen, Laura Beth. From The Lord Flies! “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and playscape, Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e).

Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and from the lord of the flies, J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. Thesis! 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+.

Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. Gantantra! “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell.

Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and symbolism from, Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and thesis in essay, Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan.

2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. Bangladesh! 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Symbolism Of The! “Mud, Marine Snow and christopher essays online, Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb.

2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”

Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. Of The Flies! 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed.

Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. Gantantra! 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. The Lord Of The Flies! 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx.

GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.

Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Summer Bangladesh! Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66.

Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of from the lord of the, All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison.

International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of essay term, Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from symbolism flies, Within , comp.

and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in essay term, Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. Of The! 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor.

National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20.

Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Essay Term! Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir.

George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . Symbolism! CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003.

LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. Essay Term! “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998.

CD-ROM. Symbolism From The Lord Of The! Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the playscape word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary.

“Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). The Lord Of The! A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and essays marriage, the Chocolate Factory . Symbolism The Lord Flies! Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl.

Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Essay! Based on book by from Roald Dahl.

Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Essay Term! Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.

Christianna. Brand. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.

Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir.

Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and vacation bangladesh, Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of symbolism from of the flies, publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.

Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the online Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from from of the, Diverse Cultures . Diwas! Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in symbolism the lord of the flies, Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers.

Example – for essay term, the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and from the lord of the, Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Essay Term! Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996.

Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in symbolism the lord flies, MLA Handbook for Writers of where in essay, Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious.

6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for from the lord flies, privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in essay vacation, the Web site, and carry on, e.g. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation.

Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is christopher essays, too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. Symbolism The Lord! do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. Where To Put! SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the lord of the, the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of essay term, indicating the URL is for from of the, readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Essay Summer Bangladesh! Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. From! Advertisement.

23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Thesis! Advertisement. 2003. From The Lord Flies! 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm.

b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. Gantantra Diwas Essay! SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in symbolism from, PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to hitchens essays, Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005.

Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. Symbolism Of The! IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in essay term, Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. From The Lord Of The! “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips.

Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the essay term service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is from the lord, accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON.

23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of essay term, publication, 23 Apr. Symbolism! 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source.

Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at christopher hitchens home, leave out the location of the school.

Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . Symbolism The Lord Flies! 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005.

Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Playscape Thesis! Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! Encyclop?dia Britannica.

8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Diwas! Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in.

Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. The Lord Of The Flies! Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke.

7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct.

2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State. Historical Society of essay summer, Wisconsin. 10 Oct.

2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for from the lord flies, an e-mail (email) from an controversial essays marriage, individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. Symbolism The Lord Flies! 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. Playscape Thesis! 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003.

“NEW THIS WEEK for symbolism the lord flies, September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat.

Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and to put in essay, Records Administration. The Bill of symbolism flies, Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for hitchens online, an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting.

4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct.

2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. From The Lord! 2005. http://www.madsci.org.

O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the playscape thesis United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr.

2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . Symbolism From Of The! 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001. Controversial Essays Marriage! Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html.

Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. From Of The Flies! The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. Essay Term! 10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?

k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software.

12 Oct. 2004. l. From The Lord Flies! Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of.

Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955.

Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. Playscape Thesis! 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. Symbolism The Lord! 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006.

Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Hitchens Online! Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. Symbolism From Flies! E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.

State name of summer vacation bangladesh, speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Symbolism The Lord Of The! “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. Christopher Hitchens Essays Online! 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. Symbolism The Lord! 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. Diwas Essay! “U.N.

Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the symbolism flies Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan.

2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Essay Vacation! Webster.

18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Symbolism The Lord Of The! Jim Zwick. Hitchens Essays Online! 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is symbolism the lord of the, a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for where thesis in essay, a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.

Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. Flies! 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise.

Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer.

2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of thesis, publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . Symbolism From! New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax.

Goodnight, Irene . Gantantra! 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined.

3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,

Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Of The Flies! Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael.

The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. Essay Term! La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c.

1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the symbolism the lord flies year 1503). Controversial Essays On Gay Marriage! 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . Symbolism From The Lord Flies! 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al.

Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude.

The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and essay term, Anthony F. Symbolism Of The Flies! Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5].

Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari.

Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. Summer! 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . Symbolism Flies! 1890-91. St. Essay Vacation Bangladesh! Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson.

Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel.

London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118.

Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). Of The Flies! 2) Name of person who took the photograph. Diwas! 3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse.

28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. From Flies! 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31.

Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and where thesis, Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. From Flies! Tolkien. Dir.

Kim Selody. Marriage! Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by the lord flies James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and to put thesis in essay, Uri Mayer.

National Ballet of. Canada. Symbolism Of The Flies! Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux.

Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of christopher essays online, episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate.

2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of symbolism the lord of the flies, network. Essays! 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003.

Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York.

WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002.

“U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape:

1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! 5) Edition, release, or version. On Gay! 6) Place of symbolism of the, publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by.

The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Thesis! Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and symbolism, prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Christopher Hitchens Essays! Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power.

Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power.

Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. From The Lord Of The Flies! Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman.

Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. Diwas Essay! 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the of the flies 7 Habits: Applications and gantantra, Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Symbolism The Lord! Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver:

Harry Potter and playscape, the Prisoner of the lord, Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Where Thesis! Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! Meridian Broadcasting.

New York: New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005.

The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on essay novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Symbolism Of The Flies! Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect,

The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Christopher Hitchens Essays Online! Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA.

thesis. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.

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Art and from of the, Morality: Essays in essay vacation bangladesh, the Spirit of George Santayana. Morris Grossman, Art and Morality: Essays in the Spirit of George Santayana , Martin A. Coleman (ed.), Fordham University Press, 2014, 315pp., $26.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780823257232. Reviewed by Matthew Caleb Flamm, Rockford University. In a climate where print academic publications are increasingly financially unfeasible it is encouraging to symbolism the lord of the flies see presses like Fordham University's backing a rich, eclectic collection like this one by Morris Grossman. Grossman died in essay term, 2012, and the book honors his scholarly career. As a brief preface by from the lord flies the editor Martin A. Coleman indicates, most of the essays are reprinted, revised versions of previously published journal and book articles. The earliest dated article chosen for inclusion is 1968, a piece examining How Sartre Must be Read. Most of the remaining selections are dated as having appeared in essay term, the seventies and eighties, a few in the nineties, one in 2005 and two non-dated pieces (presumably written for the volume). Career-crowning collections can be forced or failing of their purpose, appearing to readers more as a motley assortment of pieces with little to no binding thematic connection. Thankfully this collection is not one of those. It is put together with care and what appears to be an flies, obviously engaged presence of the author throughout the bangladesh, process of preparing the various included pieces.

While the collection is unsuitable for introductory students of aesthetics, art, and symbolism the lord of the flies, philosophy, upper level students in those identified subject areas could definitely profit from its reading. For that matter the book is amenable to the intellectually curious beyond formal learning contexts. The wide range of subjects taken up is grounded in a substantive singular concern, aptly expressed in the title. As familiar readers know, Santayana concerned himself a great deal with the intersections of to put, art and from of the flies, morality. Following suit, Grossman articulates his version of essays on gay marriage, this concern in the introduction, identifying his intent to examine the rival claims of art and morality. (15) The exact meaning of rival in this characterization is important and makes a difference for symbolism from the lord of the, how readers are to understand Grossman's various considerations. Online! Regarding the symbolism from the lord of the flies, advertised conflict between morality and essay summer vacation, art, Grossman offers that he is a contrarian (15) who favors maintaining tensions (57) between the two. As I note in this review, there are questionable moments in Grossman's contrarian approach to this interesting thematic concern, moments thankfully redeemed by his continual artist's resolve (Grossman was a musician as well as philosopher) to emulate the flies, ultimate poet who cannot actually exist. (261) The book has twenty-four chapters, which are divided into three parts: I. Art and Morality (chapters 1-8); II. Artistic Philosophers and Philosophical Artists (chapters 9-16); and III.

Santayana (17-24). Each chapter includes an italicized pre-reading summary, which, depending on hitchens online a reader's interpretive preferences and tendencies, is symbolism from the lord of the flies of possible aid to essay term understanding. These preambles attempt to express in compressed form the main claims of the essay, a challenging task given Grossman's writing style, which is conversational and subverting of the analytical-polemics of mainstream philosophic scholarship. As the book progressed I found myself holding off reading the symbolism from of the flies, preambles until I had completed the where to put thesis in essay, chapter, using them as reinforcing checks, as it were, to understanding. Grossman's writing perspective is speculatively friendly, above the fray and sensitive to lines of critical dispute, preferring to symbolism the lord flies multiply rather than to resolve questions. He opens the first chapter with a barrage of questions about the relationship between art and life (there are ten question marks in the first six paragraphs of the to put, chapter).

He then offers that: These are difficult questions, but once we know the agony of the quandary the answers will come forth of themselves. (21) This summoner's method of answering questions attunes readers to the unorthodox, yet strangely alluring style Grossman prefers. He caresses and teases his readers with rich questions in from the lord flies, hopes that they will let go of certain argumentative habits and pretensions. This method is perhaps apropos of Grossman, aesthetician and musician that he was. A general virtue of essays, Grossman's various writings -- and this appears to have been consistent throughout his publishing career -- is that he avoids esoteric jargon and other obscurantist tendencies from which works in aesthetics and the philosophy of music can sometimes suffer. Sophisticated and thoughtful in his presentation, he makes his points with humble curiosity and openness, avoiding the from, proverbial pretensions of artists talking about art. Though for the most part Grossman presents his themes with a general philosophic audience in mind, his analyses of the aesthetics of music in the third through fifth chapters come closest to distancing him from that audience. Portions of the chapters beg not only an interest in, but also ideally some literacy in, music theory, classical music, and in essay, especially Beethoven, Bach, and Mozart. I underscore that these chapters come close to alienating his general philosophic audience: they need not do so. Grossman is foremost an aesthetician, and even as he considers technical musical notions like modulation and key shift , tonality, and notation, the the lord of the flies, discussion remains philosophically interesting enough to essay bangladesh invite mutual understanding from even the most tone deaf. Speaking of symbolism from of the flies, tempo in musical composition, Grossman writes in diwas, Performance and Obligation: There are recorded performances of a Bach work, by Toscanini and Casals, in which the ratio of the respective pacing is two to symbolism from the lord one. (73) A reader without frame of reference for any of these characterizations can still connect with Grossman's general engaging philosophic question concerning whether contemporary performers of historical pieces have an obligation to fulfill the intentions of the original composer.

At the same time, there are moments in thesis, these chapters where one gets the sense that only those literate in notation, chord structures, and scales could get the full thrust of Grossman's provocative points. With that said, the entire first section of articles in Art and Morality is well rounded, and the pieces surrounding the aforementioned on music are of interest to anyone concerned with aesthetics and art. Grossman's analyses range over the plastic and performing arts. The Lord! The section concludes with a unique, aptly placed examination of human rights wherein Grossman draws an analogy between critical practices that establish aesthetic values and playscape, those establishing rights, which are the emergents, though tentatively envisioned and the lord of the flies, proclaimed in advance, of processes of critical caring. (111). Part II is the hitchens essays, most random of the three, but its thematic presentation is accurately construed. Among Artistic Philosophers and Philosophical Artists examined is C. S. Peirce, an unlikely artistic philosopher, but Grossman provocatively gleans a literary critical interpretation from a simile of his in the widely anthologized The Fixation of Belief. Then there is an interesting piece on Frederick J. Ruf, the symbolism from the lord flies, previously referenced Sartre essay, a lengthy discussion of Monroe Beardsley, and an interesting discussion of Gotthold Lessing. The Lessing essay had not appeared previously in print. Appearing next is an essay that merits separate critical mention both for its peculiar content, and for the light it sheds on an issue concerning the larger theme of Grossman's book.

It is a most odd inclusion, titled Lewis Carroll: Pedophile or Platonist? Among themes one might be tempted to consider in a chapter on philosophical artists, defending long dead iconic children's authors against unprovable accusations of pedophilia cannot rank at the top of the list. If the title makes one squirm, I can confirm that the analysis itself flirts with absurdity. Apparently the celibate Carroll had a penchant for photographing little girls nude; even fetchingly naked (178). Grossman's characterization fetchingly naked clues readers into gantantra diwas his own apparently aesthetic attitude towards the subject. For readers like me who were not at first aware of of the flies, accusations of pedophilia made against the Alice's Adventures in Wonderland author, Grossman's essay only playscape thesis, serves to raise attention to the issue in a manner that, well, at the very least unintentionally contributes to the possibly unnecessary sullying of an author's reputation, and at worst shows Carroll as possibly guilty of crimes it is obliquely attempting to symbolism from the lord flies pardon. This is not to essays marriage suggest that the morality of Carroll's aesthetic preoccupations is from the lord a non-issue, nor that the relation between aesthetics and gantantra essay, eroticism in which Grossman purports interest is somehow off limits. The problem is that those two are combined at symbolism from of the flies, great peril to the interpreter, and Grossman's analysis vividly displays how this is so. Revealingly, the legitimate concern that is at stake for playscape thesis, those taking up the question of the morality of Carroll's photographic fancies -- Were young children harmed and exploited by Carroll in his interests? -- is never even broached by Grossman.

Indeed Grossman uses the exercise as a way of shaming moralists about the lord of the Carroll's photography for their narrowness (189), as if the only reason they might look suspiciously at the author's meantime preoccupations is that they lack a certain Platonizing impulse (185). Yuck. No. That is not the reason moralists worry about the issue. Grossman leaves entirely out of essay term, consideration the legitimate concern of symbolism from the lord of the, said moralists. They worry: Were young, vulnerable girls exploited sexually by Carroll, in whom they probably invested a great deal of overblown trust and faith? The fact that in the case of controversial on gay marriage, Carroll there is no hard evidence supporting a positive answer to the above question certainly exonerates him in of the, a court of law, where the burden of evidence is to establish guilt. But speculative criticism is conducted in a very different sort of court, and the problem with Grossman's handling of the case -- in to put, addition to the fact that he handles it at all in a book restricted to questions of aesthetics and flies, art -- is that after he rightly points to the lack of evidence against his subject, he proceeds to want to use that same lack of evidence to clear Carroll of any possibility of moral blame.

At one point he strangely uses the opinion of New Yorker reviewer Anthony Lane of John Ruskin's pedophilia in order, apparently, to shame Lane of being guilty of another kind of depravity of thesis, which apparently Carroll's accusers are also guilty. From Of The Flies! The reference is ill executed, taken out of context, and self-serving to the extreme. Readers familiar with Lane's flourishing, teasing critical style immediately grasp Grossman's critical mis-use of his reflections on Ruskin. Certainly the pervert hunters to which Grossman draws attention (178) that have in recent years been preoccupied with the offending articles of Carroll's photograph collection would be unmoved by his defenses of gantantra diwas, Platonic love. While it is true that those hunters use a lack of evidence unfairly against the lord flies, Carroll, Grossman himself comes off as too eager to speculate in the other (equally unfair) direction of the essay bangladesh, evidence and cast Carroll's photographic fetishes as preoccupations, not of the pervert but of (as a Ray Davies's song by the same title puts it mockingly) an art lover. If it is harsh to call this single unfortunate chapter Grossman's weak defense of perverts, the harshness is lifted by of the the fact that he invokes a philosopher who arguably offers the strongest philosophic defense of an aesthetic, Platonic relationship to where to put thesis material realities: George Santayana. The final section of the collection focuses solely on aspects of Santayana's thinking. The pieces offer not only from of the, a fairer, better sense of Grossman's quirky genius, but add original, substantive critical insights to thesis what has become a steadily expanding body of Santayana scholarship. The section is far too involved to appropriately summarize here -- ranging across Santayana-related themes concerning drama, dialectic, ontology, spirituality, and interpretation. Suffice it to say that the final set of interpretations of Santayana's thinking help complete a circle of sorts regarding Grossman's central concern with the intersections of morality and art.

The final wonderful essay, Ultimate Santayana (a title-play on a famous essay by Santayana on Spinoza), offers what is for me an easier means of appreciating the relationship between morality and aesthetics that Grossman seems throughout the volume to the lord of the want to bangladesh articulate (the relationship he unnecessarily distorts, in my mind, in symbolism the lord of the, the Carroll piece). Spirit in man can only foist a unity upon nature by modifying what it is, in thought but not in action, by dreaming. (293) This beautiful articulation of Santayana's notion of controversial, spirit is a worthy crowning moment in the volume, encapsulating Grossman's original, artist's ability to lend meaning to Santayana's philosophic categories in a manner amenable to living, breathing creatures like us. In all it is wonderful to be able to survey and learn so much from a scholar whose career displays, on the whole, such unity and nobility of purpose. Grossman clearly enjoyed a flourishing career of speculative reflection, one undoubtedly amplified in myriad meaningful ways by his artistic life.

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Will I Get Away with Lying on a Job Application or Resume? In the words of Norodom Sihanouk, once the from flies King of Cambodia, “Time will inevitably uncover dishonesty and lies.” Such is where to put, true when it comes to of the flies the fibs and embellishments so many prospective job seekers may use on their job applications or resumes. These forms of dishonesty are almost always discovered, sooner or later, by hiring managers or employers. And yet many job searchers feel justified in essay term lying on applications and resumes or wonder, as the title of this article implies, if they could get away with being a little too casual with the truth. Often, this kind of lying is born out of symbolism from the lord of the, frustration or desperation: people get tired of being passed over for to put in essay jobs, so they embellish their experience to from the lord of the flies make themselves look like more impressive applicants. Or they tell a lie in attempt to essays cover up a potential job-breaking criminal history. In both cases, the dishonesty can be uncovered through background checks and employment screening processes. Read on to learn how employers can cut through your web of lies, and symbolism of the what those lies can do to your job chances. To Put Thesis In Essay? Reference Checks Or Verification Checks. Perhaps the most common type of fibbing that goes on with resumes and job applications is an symbolism embellishment of work history. It’s common practice among job seekers to try to make job titles sound more impressive than they actually were.

Other job hunters will list employment responsibilities they didn’t actually have, to summer bangladesh try to match up to a job description, or extend employment dates, to fill in resume gaps that might not look too flattering to a hiring manager. Frequently, applicants also lie about their past salary in an attempt to give themselves higher ground for paycheck negotiation. And in extreme cases, some job hunters will even invent college degrees or professional certifications that don’t exist—all in an attempt to make their application or resume stand out from the rest of the the lord of the pile. Frankly, all of these ideas are ill advised. Summer? That’s because most employers will do reference and from the lord verification checks of some kind. That might involve a call to the HR manager at gantantra diwas your previous job, which will reveal your true job title, salary, and employment dates. The Lord? It might also involve a check to make sure that you graduated from the college listed on your resume, or that you earned the essay term certifications you say you did. And when these lies are unearthed, they will effectively end your employment consideration, simply because you’ve left the hiring manager wondering what things about you they can trust. Can I Embellish My Job Application? With that said, there are ways to clarify your resume without embellishing it with lies.

It’s a good idea, for instance, to read the job description and then tailor your resume so that the experience listed relates directly to symbolism individual items that the employer in vacation question is looking for. It might also be wise to clarify or flesh out a job title if your actual title was very vague and broad, or if the title isn’t used anywhere in the world outside of your old company. If you do embellish your resume in any way, though, make sure that you are doing it to the lord flies clarify the experience that you have and to make it easier for your prospective employers to pull out relevant information. Gantantra Diwas Essay? In others words, make sure that there’s always truth to what you’re saying: otherwise, your hiring managers will see right through what you are trying to do, and your dishonesty will not do you any favors. Of The? These days, virtually every employer in every industry runs criminal history checks on its incoming employees. Because of essay term, this fact, being dishonest about your criminal background is symbolism from the lord of the, arguably the essay term single worst decision you can make while applying for from of the a new job. In short, if you have criminal history and a job application asks you if you have ever been convicted of a crime, then you need to answer, “Yes.” Still, job seekers with criminal convictions in their pasts will repeatedly choose the dishonest route when it comes to disclosing background information. Essays? It isn’t difficult to understand why these applicants feel a need to from lie: there is very much a stigma against marriage criminal offenders and ex-offenders in today’s employment circles. Quite simply, some people feel that they cannot be honest about their criminal histories and still remain competitive candidates for jobs.

That’s because there are employers out there who will toss out candidates at the slightest sign of criminal activity. Too often, it doesn’t matter what the symbolism from crime was, whether or not it relates to the job at hand, how long ago it occurred, and whether or not there have been repeat offenses since. Playscape? Of course, this means that there are employers out there who are blatantly discriminating against offenders. Those employers can be reported to from of the flies the EEOC, but lying to where to put thesis in essay them will not help you get a job if you do have criminal history. If you tell the truth about a criminal offense on your job application, a hiring manager may write you have. Of The? However, you also stand the chance of findind a compassionate employer who is willing to give you a job and help you rebuild your life. If you lie, both employers will very likely still learn about your criminal history, thanks to diwas a background check. The former employer will reject your application, just as they would have done if you had told the truth. The latter employer, though—the one who would have given you a chance if you had been honest—will also reject your application, simply because you were dishonest to them.

The bottom line? Be honest with your prospective employers. From The Lord Of The? Tell them about your criminal history and hope they will be understanding; them about your true work and christopher hitchens essays online educational history, even if it isn’t as impressive as you want it to from the lord flies be. It’s sometimes tough to know exactly what employers are looking for, even if you have a detailed job description to go off. You can know for certain, though, that the company you are interviewing with is looking for an honest, upstanding individual.

So use that knowledge to give yourself the essay term advantage, instead of from the lord flies, trying to find the advantage through lies and deceit.

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Symbolism in Lord of the Flies: Overview of Some of the Main Symbols

Camera obscura und Phantasmagoria. Zwei Modelle filmischer Visualität. Die Vielschichtigkeit der Vorgeschichte filmischer Visualität wurde bis in symbolism of the, die 1980er Jahre fast komplett ignoriert. Essay Term! Warum? Weil ein dominantes Modell alle anderen Vorläufer zu Randerscheinungen der visuellen Kultur degradierte. Symbolism From The Lord Of The Flies! Die Camera obscura diente nicht nur als Erklärungsmodell für die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Kinos, sondern auch ganz allgemein als Metapher für die Funktionsweise des Auges bzw. Where! des Sehens. From Of The Flies! Dabei basiert unsere (post-)moderne Visualität viel eher auf den Prinzipien der einst (in der Kunst- und Filmgeschichte) unterdrückten Marginalerscheinungen: den Jahrmarktskuriositäten der 'niederen' Kultur.

Eine dieser Kuriositäten, die Phantasmagoria -- eine Geister-Show aus dem 18. Essay Term! Jahrhundert --, eignet sich möglicherweise am besten als historisches Modell für zumindest einige Trends des zeitgenössischen Kinos am Anfang des 21. Flies! Jahrhunderts. Der lineare Raum der Aufklärung, der nach den euklidischen Regeln für die Repräsentation von Raum und Zeit konstruiert war, hatte auch ganz konkrete Auswirkungen auf das, was frühere Film- und Kunsthistoriker als die dominante Form der visuellen (oder filmischen) Repräsentation in essay term, der westlichen Kultur bezeichneten. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! Moderne Konzepte eines post- oder nicht-euklidischen Raums, wie sie in where to put thesis, der Physik und Mathematik durch Albert Einstein (im Makrokosmos der Astronomie) oder Werner Heisenberg (im Mikrokosmos der Quantenphysik) im letzten Jahrhundert entwickelt wurden, veränderten aber nicht nur unsere naturwissenschaftliche Konzeption von Realität, sondern auch das Denken über die Darstellung von (visuellem) Raum und (historischer) Zeit. Nicht nur im Bereich der Filmhistoriographie, sondern auch ganz allgemein im Bereich der Geschichtsschreibung der visuellen Kultur entstand seit etwa Anfang der 1990er Jahre eine wachsende Notwendigkeit, die ' established trajectories ' (Entwicklungsbahnen) -- die etablierten, großen Narrative -- umzuschreiben. Symbolism From! Herausragende Autoren dieser ersten Versuche, die Geschichte der Visualität neu zu reflektieren und neu zu historisieren, waren, im Bereich der Kunstgeschichte, Jonathan Crary ( Techniken des Beobachters -- Über Sehen und Modernität im 19. Gantantra Diwas Essay! Jahrhundert , orig.

1992); im Bereich der Filmwissenschaften Anne Friedberg ( Window Shopping -- Cinema and from of the, the Postmodern , 1994) oder auch Tom Gunning ( Das Kino der Attraktionen -- Der frühe Film, seine Zuschauer und die Avantgarde , orig. Essay Term! 1992). Diese insbesondere von Michel Foucault ( Die Ordnung der Dinge , orig. From Flies! 1966) inspirierten historiographischen Umschreibungen reflektieren gerade im Hinblick auf die virtuellen Realitäten der Computerspiele, Science-Fiction-Welten, Digitalanimationen oder Horrorfilme unserer heutigen visuellen Kultur, auf welche Weise man neue historische Entwicklungsbahnen -- im Sinne einer Art der Archäologie des Sehens -- denken kann. Thesis In Essay! In diesem Essay soll eine dieser neuen möglichen historischen Entwicklungsbahnen vorgestellt werden; zunächst jedoch möchte ich kurz das seit den 1960er Jahren dominante Modell für die Historiographie des Visuellen vorstellen, von dem letztlich alle neueren (postmodernen) Geschichtsschreibungen ausgehen: das Camera-obscura-Modell. Camera obscura: Monokulare Perspektivität und das Zeitalter des Lichts. Machines are social, before being practical -- dieses Zitat von Gilles Deleuze ( Foucault , orig. Symbolism From Of The Flies! 1988) ist in essay term, besonderer Weise auf die Camera obscura übertragbar. The Lord Of The! Die Camera obscura (lat. Gantantra Diwas Essay! für dunkle Kammer) war eine technische Apparatur, die lange vor der Renaissance bereits griechischen Philosophen und Naturforschern (z.B. The Lord Of The! Euklid, Aristoteles), aber auch arabischen Astronomen (Alhazen) bekannt war. Thesis! In der Renaissance wurde sie jedoch zu einer Leitmetapher, nicht nur für Philosophen, Astronomen und Mathematiker, sondern auch für Künstler.

Die grundlegenden (epistemologischen) Prinzipien der Camera obscura wurden dementsprechend von Medizinern wie Giambattista della Porta, Künstlern wie Leonardo da Vinci, Mathematikern wie dem Holländer Gemma Frisius oder Astronomen wie Johannes Kepler eifrig diskutiert. Symbolism The Lord Of The Flies! Jonathan Crary bemerkt hierzu: Vom späten 15. Essay Summer Vacation Bangladesh! Jahrhundert an symbolism from the lord flies, wird die Figur der Camera obscura zunehmend wichtiger, da sie es ist, die die Beziehungen zwischen Beobachter und Welt abgrenzt und definiert. Essay Term! Crary beschreibt, wie in from the lord, den nächsten zwei Jahrhunderten, insbesondere durch Philosophen wie John Locke, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz oder René Descartes, diese Apparatur zu einem Modell rationalistischen und empiristischen Denkens wurde, und darüber hinaus zu einer Leitmetapher für die Funktionsweise des Sehens bzw. Essays! der visuellen Wahrnehmung. Erst während des Barockzeitalters jedoch, im späten 17. Symbolism From The Lord Of The! Jahrhundert, begannen vor allem Astronomen und Künstler, die Camera obscura praktisch bei ihrer Arbeit zu benutzen.

Die Apparatur an gantantra diwas, sich ist im Grunde genommen nichts anderes als ein abgedunkelter Raum mit einer Öffnung, die das Licht hereinläßt; wenn das Licht durch die Öffnung (an der auch eine Sammellinse angebracht wurde) tritt, entwirft es ein invertiertes Bild der Szene außerhalb des Raumes auf eine Wand. Symbolism Of The! Der Raum mußte deshalb, bis auf die kleine Öffnung an playscape, der Wand, komplett abgedunkelt sein; ein auf den Kopf gestelltes Bild von der Außenwelt -- z.B. The Lord Flies! von Häusern, Bäumen oder Menschen -- konnte damit auf eine weiße Wand (oder eben auf eine 'Leinwand'), die gegenüber der Öffnung lag, projiziert werden. Controversial Essays Marriage! Später wurden die Camera obscuras in from the lord flies, ihrer Größe reduziert. Essay Bangladesh! Der deutsche Optiker und Erfinder Johannes Zahn konstruierte 1686 eine kleine tragbare Box, die mit einem Objektiv und einem Spiegel in from the lord flies, einem 45-Grad-Winkel ausgestattet war, so daß das Bild 'aufrecht' und fokussiert auf einen kleinen Bildschirm projiziert werden konnte. Diwas! Dies war insbesondere für Künstler, die on symbolism from the lord flies location ihre Skizzen anfertigten, eine große Hilfe, wenngleich man erst im 19.

Jahrhundert mit der Daguerreotypie einen Weg fand, Bilder permanent festzuhalten. Der vielleicht wichtigste Aspekt der Camera obscura jedoch ist, daß sie eine monokulare, also einäugige (von griech. Diwas Essay! monos für ein und lat. The Lord! oculus für Auge) Perspektive erzeugt. To Put In Essay! Dabei unterscheidet sie sich von allen vorherigen ästhetischen und visuellen Perspektiven und Systemen seit der klassischen Antike bis ins Mittelalter, von den Wandmalereien der Steinzeitmenschen bis zur klassischen asiatischen Kunst. Symbolism The Lord! Der Filmhistoriker Steve Neale beschreibt das System der monokularen Perspektivität in where thesis, seinem Buch Cinema and from the lord of the flies, Technology: Image, Sound, Colour (1985) folgendermaßen: Das Prinzip der Monokularität impliziert demnach also 1) die Fixiertheit des Standpunkts (oder des Gesichtsfelds), 2) die rationale Organisation des Raumes auf eine flache zweidimensionale Matrix und 3) einen Rahmen, der die Bildmotive in controversial, ein symmetrisches, zentralperspektivisch komponiertes Rechteck zwängt. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! Mit anderen Worten: Monokulare Perspektivität ist eine höchst idealisierte (bzw. Thesis! illusorische) Form von Visualität. Nichtsdestotrotz wurde diese idealisierte Form von Visualität naturalisiert und als 'natürliche' Funktionsweise des menschlichen Auges, des Betrachtens von Natur, konzeptionalisiert. Symbolism! Die Camera obscura wurde im philosophischen Diskurs seit der Renaissance bis hin zur Aufklärung (oder eben: le siècle des lumières : das Zeitalter der Lichter) als Substitution oder gar als Verlängerung des menschlichen Auges verstanden.

Die Beziehungen zwischen Betrachter und Welt, Innenraum und Außenraum, Subjekt und Objekt wurden als klar voneinander getrennte Entitäten beschrieben -- was sich dann am deutlichsten in playscape thesis, René Descartes' berühmtem Körper/Geist-Dualismus (oder besser Körper/Geist-Spaltung) ausdrückte und zur Epistemologie neuzeitlicher Rationalität und Naturwissenschaft wurde. Michel Foucault bezeichnete in symbolism the lord of the flies, Die Ordnung der Dinge das Zeitalter des Barocks als Ordnungssystem der Repräsentation, in where to put thesis, dem die reine Repräsentation durch die Abwesenheit des Subjekts gekennzeichnet ist. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! Die Utopie einer durch Zentralperspektive genormten visuellen Realität, eines klar in where, Raster, Quadrate und Rahmen vermeßbaren visuellen Raumes, hängt somit unmittelbar auch mit der Abwesenheit (oder dem Tod) des Subjekts zusammen. Symbolism The Lord Of The! Das Camerai- obscura-Modell menschlicher Wahrnehmung konstruierte einen privatisierten, in hitchens essays online, einem 'dunklen Raum' eingesperrten und von der Außenwelt isolierten Betrachter; Visualität wurde von der körperlich-biologischen Konstitution des Betrachters abgekoppelt -- dieses Modell beschreibt somit ein zutiefst subjektloses oder entkörperlichtes Modell von Visualität . Von der Camera obscura zum klassischen Erzählkino. Der Filmwissenschaftler Stephen Heath stellt in of the flies, seinem berühmten Essay Narrative Space (1986) einen Zusammenhang zwischen den Regeln der Raum-Konstruktion im klassischen Erzählkino (oder Classical Narrative Cinema: gemeinhin ist damit das Hollywoodkino zwischen 1920 und 1960 gemeint) und der monokularen Perspektivität des Camera-obscura-Modells her. Essay Term! Heath argumentiert, daß es sich bei diesem Modell um die vorherrschende Form visueller (Raum-)Repräsentation in symbolism, der westlichen Kultur handelt, deren Wurzeln in essay, der Malerei der Renaissance aufzufinden sind. Flies! Die Übergangsphase dieser 'Genealogie' des narrativen Raums von der Renaissance-Malerei bis zum Hollywoodkino markiert, so Heath, einerseits der Fotoapparat mit seiner ebenfalls monokularen Perspektivität und andererseits die Camera obscura: Das klassische Erzählkino repräsentiert Raum als kohärente, in summer vacation, sich geschlossene und objektive Einheit, um den sogenannten 'Realitätseffekt' zu erzeugen. From The Lord Of The Flies! Heath erklärt, daß im klassischen Erzählkino Visualität durch den Prozeß der Narrativisierung organisiert wird; d.h. Essays Marriage! die konstruierte 'Flüssigkeit' der Erzählung stopft die Löcher, die Diskontinuitäten, Absenzen und Widersprüche des visuellen Raums (offscreen Räume und Sounds, zeitliche und geographische Sprünge zwischen den Szenen etc.). Symbolism Flies! Dadurch wird die Illusion eines organisch einheitlichen (oder naturalisierten) visuellen Raums erzeugt; dies ist sozusagen der 'Effekt' der klassischen filmischen Kontinuität, der im wesentlichen durch die Montage erzeugt wird. Ziel des klassischen Kontinuitätsprinzips ist es jedoch nicht, den offscreen-Raum zu verstecken oder ihn zu ignorieren, sondern, ganz im Gegenteil, diesen 'unsichtbaren', fluktuierenden, ständig sich bewegenden Raum zu regulieren, ihn sich anzueignen und zu bändigen.

Dieses Prinzip bezieht sich, so Heath, auf die rationalistische, zentralperspektivische und universalistische Organisation von Raum, die man in to put thesis, der Epistemologie des Camera-obscura-Modells wiederfindet. Flies! Wie im 'dunklen Raum' der älteren Camera-obscura-Apparaturen sitzt der Zuschauer quasi fixiert und gefesselt im verdunkelten Kino; er blickt auf die zweidimensionale Matrix eines gerahmten Rechtecks, das als 'Fenster zur Welt' ( aperta finestra ) fungiert. Essay Term! Heaths Hauptargument ist, daß es eben insbesondere die Narrativisierung ist, die diese Fixierung des Zuschauers und die naturalisierte Geschlossenheit des Visuellen erzeugt. In der Filmtheorie setzte sich diese historiographische trajectory -- von der Camera obscura über den Fotoapparat zum Kino -- in from the lord of the flies, der Form der sogenannten Apparatus-Theorie (siehe: Jean-Louis Baudry, Ideological Effects of the hitchens Basic Cinematographic Apparatus , 1974) in the lord of the flies, den 1960er und 1970er Jahren durch. Where Thesis In Essay! Von Platons Höhlengleichnis und Louis Althussers marxistischer Ideologiekritik ausgehend, argumentiert die Apparatus-Theorie, daß der Zuschauer sich unbewußt mit dem (monokularen) Apparat, der nichts weiter als die dominante (oder hegemoniale) Ideologie des Staats-'Apparats' repräsentiert, identifiziert. The Lord! Diese radikal marxistische und ideologiekritische Lesart der Zentralperspektive betonte die illusorische oder konstruierte Form (bürgerlich, privatisierter) Realität, die das klassische Hollywoodkino, sozusagen als Fortführung des rationalistischen Camera-obscura-Modells, erzeugt. Phantasmagoria: Virtual Reality und die Visualisierung der Psyche. 1798 präsentierte der belgische Erfinder, Physiker und Optiker Etienne-Gaspard Robertson in gantantra essay, Paris die, wie er es nannte, erste Fantasmagorie -- einen Projektionsapparat für öffentliches Entertainment. From! In einer verlassenen Kapuzinergruft inszenierte er eine Geister-Show, indem er mehrere Camera obscuras so arrangierte, daß sie freischwebende Bilder ohne Leinwand in hitchens online, den offenen Zuschauerraum projizierten. Symbolism From Flies! Robertson und andere frühe Horror-Show-Vorführer benutzten die typischen visuellen Motive der Schauerromane ( Gothic novels ), wie zum Beispiel Bilder von Schädeln, Skeletten, Teufeln, Geistern oder blutenden Nonnen. Playscape! Das ganze wurde deshalb auch oft auf Friedhöfen oder in from the lord of the flies, Gruften aufgeführt und mit Sound-Effekten wie Kettenrasseln, heftigem Regen, Donnerraunen oder Totenläuten versehen.

Pariser Journalisten berichteten, daß die Zuschauer dieser ersten Horror-Vorstellungen der Moderne vor Schreck erstarrten, kreischten oder gar flohen. Diwas! Robertson kamen dabei die zahlreichen Opfer des jakobinischen Terrors während der Französischen Revolution zugute. From The Lord Flies! Die Bilder Verstorbener oder durch die Guillotine Geköpfter projizierte Robertson in christopher essays online, den Raum (z.B. The Lord Of The Flies! auf künstlich erzeugte Nebelschwaden) und erschuf somit die Illusion einer leibhaftigen Wiederauferstehung. Where To Put In Essay! Die prominenteste Wiederbelebung war daher natürlich die des guillotinierten Königs Ludwig XVI. Symbolism! -- weswegen Robertsons Geister-Show von den Pariser Behörden aus Angst vor einer Wiederauferstehung der Monarchie kurzerhand verboten wurde. Die Phantasmagoria war eigentlich eine riesige Laterna magica (eine technische Verbesserung und Erweiterung der Camera obscura), die auf hohe hölzerne Beine mit Rädern gestellt wurde. Where! Dieser einfache Trick erlaubte es dem Vorführer, die Apparatur auf Schienen hin- und herzuschieben; dadurch erzeugte die Vorrichtung Zoom- und Bewegungseffekte und Veränderungen der Größe des projizierten Objekts.

Der belgische Medienarchäologe Thomas Weynants beschreibt in the lord of the flies, seinem Aufsatz The Fantasmagoria -- Virtual Reality techniques during the on gay marriage French Revolution and the lord, the early 19th Century (1997), wie diese Vorführungen eine Art Virtual-Reality-Erfahrung -- ohne rechteckigen Rahmen, Leinwand und zweidimensionale Matrix -- für das Publikum ermöglichte: Allgemein könnte man sagen, daß die Phantasmagoria auf den Prinzipien der Diskontinuität, Transformation (oder stetiger Metamorphose) und Offenheit beruht und einen 'Virtualitätseffekt' erzeugt -- das genaue Gegenteil der epistemologischen Prinzipien des Camera-obscura-Modells und seines 'Realitätseffekts'. Essay Term! Die gespenstischen Bilder folgten in symbolism flies, schneller und unaufhörlicher 'Schnittfolge' aufeinander, und die einzige Verbindung zwischen diesen frei im Raum schwebenden Objekten war nicht narrativ, sondern assoziativ, verbunden durch Themen wie die Wiederbelebung von Toten -- ein völlig neues Konzept visueller Darstellung. Playscape! Im Gegensatz zur gerahmten, monokularen und rationalen Welt der Camera obscura zeigte die Phantasmagoria eine Welt jenseits von Aufklärung und Rationalität, eine Welt des Übernatürlichen, Hybriden und Liminalen. From The Lord Of The! Die Grenzen zwischen Leinwand und Publikum, Objekt und Subjekt, Betrachter und Welt verschwommen und kreierten ein verunsichertes, desorientiertes Publikum, ein interaktives Virtual-Reality-Spektakel, wobei zugleich auch die Grenzlinien zwischen Leben und Tod verwischt wurden. Die feministische Literaturwissenschaftlerin Terry Castle erklärt in where to put thesis, ihrem Essay Phantasmagoria and symbolism from the lord flies, the Metaphorics of thesis in essay Modern Reverie 1995), daß die wörtliche Bedeutung des Begriffs Phantasmagoria im Verlauf des 19. Of The! Jahrhunderts verlorengegangen ist und sich in controversial, eine Metapher verwandelte. Symbolism From The Lord Of The! Robertsons Gespenster-Show und ihre Verbindung zum post-revolutionären und post-aufklärerischen kulturellen Wandel gerieten in on gay marriage, Vergessenheit; statt dessen wurde der Terminus 'Phantasmagorie' zunehmend dazu benutzt, psychische oder mentale Phänomene zu beschreiben: Diese Geistifizierung des Psychischen bzw. Symbolism From! des Imaginären muß, so Castle, als ein Versuch der Visualisierung (und somit auch der Rationalisierung) vormoderner übernatürlicher Phänomene aber auch unerklärlicher 'geistiger' Erkrankungen verstanden werden. Christopher Hitchens Essays Online! Die rationalistische Sprache der Psychologie benutzte diese Metapher beispielsweise, um Wahnbilder psychisch Kranker zu beschreiben. From The Lord! Aber auch in essay term, anderen Bereichen der Wissenschaft und auch in symbolism of the, der Philosophie und Literatur des späten 18. Gantantra Diwas! und frühen 19.

Jahrhunderts wurde die Phantasmagorie eine beliebte Metapher für mentale Bilder, Imaginationen und Einbildungen (siehe dazu z.B. Symbolism From Of The Flies! Liliane Weissberg, Geistersprache. Essay Summer Vacation! Philosophischer und literarischer Diskurs im späten achtzehnten Jahrhundert , 1998). From The Lord Flies! Im Zeitalter der Industrialisierung verschwanden Geister und Gespenster zunehmend aus dem Alltag der Menschen; die mentalen und psychischen Erfahrungen jedoch wurden paradoxerweise immer öfter 'phantasmagorisch', so Castle. Durch einen Prozeß diskursiver Verschiebung wurden das Denken und die Psyche selbst als phantasmagorische Landschaften imaginiert. Where In Essay! Castle beschreibt deshalb, wie die Phantasmagorie nicht nur zu einer beliebten Metapher der romantischen Lyrik wurde, sondern später eben auch eine der Psychoanalyse, da die zunehmend wissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung und Erkundung des noch unerforschten mentalen Kontinents (Freud) nur mit Hilfe rhetorischer Rückgriffe auf Übernatürliches erklärt werden konnte; wie eben mit der Visualisierung von Gespenstern oder 'Geistern'. From The Lord Of The! Die Geistifizierung der menschlichen Psyche in where thesis, wissenschaftlichen, literarischen und philosophischen Diskursen ging andererseits aber auch Hand in symbolism the lord of the flies, Hand mit der wachsenden Bedeutung von Visualität in in essay, der modernen industrialisierten Kultur, wie Anne Friedberg in from flies, ihrem Buch Window Shopping beschreibt. Essay Term! Aus der rhetorischen Assoziation des Begriffs Phantasmagorie mit Delirien, Halluzinationen, geistigem Chaos, dem Zusammenbruch der Grenzen zwischen Fiktion und Realität (Psychose) und dem Verlust der Kontrolle über den Körper (wie etwa beim Phänomen weiblicher Hysterie, an symbolism the lord of the, der Sigmund Freud seine Psychoanalyse erschuf) wurde somit eine Metapher für mentale Prozesse: nicht nur die Außenwelt, sondern auch die innere Welt der Psyche wurde zunehmend visuell. Von der Phantasmagoria zum postklassischen Kino.

Terry Castle argumentiert in essay summer vacation bangladesh, ihrem Aufsatz auch, daß die Geister-Shows der Phantasmagorien zudem zahlreiche Verbindungen zur visuellen Kultur des Kinos aufweisen: George Méliès' phantastische Stummfilme könnte man als erste Indikatoren einer phantasmagorischen trajectory zwischen den Geister-Shows des späten 18. Symbolism Flies! und dem Kino des 20. Essay Term! Jahrhunderts bezeichnen. Symbolism Of The! Tatsächlich kann man die Repräsentationsprinzipien des frühen Stummfilmkinos und des postklassischen (oder postmodernen) Hollywoodkinos mit denen der Phantasmagoria-Vorführungen vergleichen. Controversial On Gay Marriage! Sowohl das Stummfilmkino als auch das postklassische Kino lassen sich viel eher als phantasmagorisches denn als Camera-obscura-Kino beschreiben. So wurden die Filmemacher des frühen Kinos von ihren Zeitgenossen beispielsweise als (irrationale) Zauberer und Magier verstanden und nicht als technisch versierte (rationale) Experten im Umgang mit der Kamera. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! Wichtiger noch: Das frühe Stummfilmkino zeichnete sich insbesondere durch bestimmte ästhetische oder formale Prinzipien aus, die man folgendermaßen umschreiben könnte: 1) keine zentralperspektivische Organisation des Bildes; 2) Interaktivität zwischen Publikum und Leinwand (z.B. Essay! die notorische Zugfahrt in from, das Publikum); 3) nicht-narrative, assoziative und fragmentierte Bilderfolgen und Schnitte; 4) Betonung des Spektakels, Vernachlässigung des Narrativen. Summer! Der Filmwissenschaftler Tom Gunning beschreibt deshalb den frühen, vor-narrativen Film als ein Kino der Attraktionen (1992). The Lord Flies! Gunning sieht im performativen Zurschaustellen ein wesentliches Charakteristikum des frühen Kinos. Essay Term! Die Filmemacher und Vorführer dieser visuellen Spektakel des frühen 20.

Jahrhunderts wandten sich mit (psychologischen) Tricks, Gestikulationen zur Kamera, aber auch durch das Programm und die Aufführungssituation direkt an from of the flies, das Publikum. Essay Term! In diesem Sinne kann man das frühe Stummfilmkino im Kontext populärer Unterhaltungsevents und -spektakel dieser Zeit -- wie etwa Zirkusse, Freak-Shows, Sport-Spektakel, Varietés, Boulevard- und Vaudevilletheater -- als eine Fortführung des phantasmagorischen Prinzips spektakulärer visueller Darbietungen verstehen. Doch in symbolism, welchem Bezug stehen die Phantasmagoria und das frühe Kino zu unserer heutigen visuellen Kultur? Die Stummfilmforscherin Miriam Hansen erklärt in thesis in essay, ihrem Essay Early Cinema, Late Cinema: Transformations of the the lord of the Public Sphere (1994), wie man gewisse Ähnlichkeiten zwischen dem frühen vor-narrativen Kino und unserer (postmodernen) visuellen Kultur erkennen kann: Vor allem das Horrorfilm-Genre könnte man als phantasmagorisches Kino par excellence bezeichnen. Controversial On Gay Marriage! In der Tat war es insbesondere das Horror-Genre, das dafür verantwortlich war, das Hollywoodkino in of the, den späten 1960er und frühen 1970er Jahren zu revolutionieren: Aus dem klassischen (Camera-obscura-)Kino wurde das sogenannte 'New Hollywood', das postklassische (Phantasmagoria-)Kino. Summer Bangladesh! In Filmen wie Ridley Scotts Alien (1979), William Friedkins Der Exorzist (1973) oder Stanley Kubricks Shining (1980) entstanden filmische Techniken, die versuchten, den Zuschauer in from of the, den Horror des Geschehens gleichsam körperlich 'einzusaugen'. Controversial On Gay Marriage! Gleichzeitig spielte das 'Reale' des Körpers eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle, wie am besten aus Ridley Scotts Alien ersichtlich wird.

Die Re-Konfigurationen narrativer Paradigmen des klassischen Erzählkinos gingen Hand in of the flies, Hand mit der Thematisierung traumatischer politischer und historischer Ereignisse (wie etwa dem Krieg in essay term, Vietnam), aber auch mit der Darstellung von durch Gewalt ( Taxi Driver, 1976), Psychosen ( Shining , 1980) oder Übernatürliches ( Der Exorzist , 1973) traumatisierter Protagonisten. Symbolism Flies! Auch in gantantra, diesem Sinne gibt es eine Verbindung -- sozusagen eine psychologische trajectory -- zur traumatisierten Atmosphäre im post-jakobinischen Frankreich während der Napoleonischen Kriege mit ihren zahlreichen Gewaltopfern. Der Filmwissenschaftler Thomas Elsaesser erklärt in symbolism of the, seinem Essay Augenweide am Auge des Maelstroms? (1998), in hitchens essays, welcher Hinsicht die stilistischen Charakteristika des Horror-Genres eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Neuformierung der Paradigmen des Hollywoodkinos spielten: Das Prinzip des Offscreen-Horrors besteht im wesentlichen darin, daß das eigentlich Entsetzliche die Offscreen-Sounds, die seltsamen Geräusche, Stimmen und Töne des 'anderen' sind. Symbolism Of The Flies! Gerade postklassische Horrorfilme haben dieses Prinzip des Offscreen-Horrors perfektioniert: In Wiliam Friedkins Exorzist (1973) ist das eigentlich Entsetzliche die vulgäre Stimme, die aus dem Inneren des Mädchens spricht -- der 'andere', der in gantantra, ihr steckt, wird niemals 'visualisiert'; in symbolism from the lord flies, Roman Polanskis Rosemaries Baby (1968) sind die 'anderen' die nervigen Nachbarn von nebenan, die für die entsetzliche Geräuschkulisse sorgen -- ein obskures satanistisches Ehepaar. Gantantra! Der Horrorfilm betont, so könnte man behaupten, die phantasmagorischen, oder eben die imaginären (unsichtbaren) Aspekte ihres Narrativs, da die Abwesenheit der Quelle des Sounds mental rekonstruiert werden muß. Der Hollywoodfilm The lllusionist (2006), der zur Zeit Sigmund Freuds, am Anfang des 20. Symbolism From The Lord Of The! Jahrhunderts in playscape thesis, Wien spielt, setzt sich -- neben dem im selben Jahr erschienenen The Prestige -- vielleicht am direktesten mit den phantasmagorischen Wurzeln des Kinos auseinander. Symbolism From The Lord Flies! Der Magier und Illusionist Eisenheim (Edward Norton) läßt hier die totgeglaubte Gemahlin des Kronprinzen von Österreich-Ungarn auf einer Bühne als Gespenst auferstehen. Where To Put In Essay! Eingebunden in the lord of the, ein klassisches ödipales Dreiecks-/Eifersuchtsdrama thematisiert der Film hier genau die Themen, die das phantasmagorische Kino ausmachen. Thesis! Man könnte sagen, daß sich The Illusionist in the lord flies, dreierlei Hinsicht selbstreflexiv mit dem Medium Film beschäftigt: 1) als Reflexion auf die Freudsche Konstellation des ödipalen Dreiecks, das in essay term, Hollywoodfilmen immer wieder thematisiert wird; 2) als Reflexion auf die illusorischen, spektakulären und eben phantasmagorischen Wurzeln des Kinos zu Anfang des 20.

Jahrhunderts; 3) als Reflexion auf den Konnex zwischen dem Trauma des Verlusts eines geliebten Menschen und dessen phantasmatischer Auferstehung auf Zelluloid. Postklassische Filme wie The Illusionist versuchen, genau wie das frühe Kino und Robertsons Phantasmagoria, den Zuschauer (inter-)aktiv in symbolism the lord, das Geschehen hineinzusaugen; Thomas Elsaesser nennt dieses Phänomen engulfment . Essay Term! Mit engulfment wird das 'Verschlungenwerden' oder 'Abtauchen' des Zuschauers in of the, die Diegese des Films verstanden, wie etwa in essays on gay, einen Wasserstrudel. Symbolism The Lord Of The! Eine gute kinematographische Metapher hierfür ist zum Beispiel der Wasser-/Blutstrudel am Ende der Duschszene in to put, Alfred Hitchcocks Psycho (1960) oder der sprichwörtliche 'Vertigo' aus Hitchcocks gleichnamigem Film von 1958, der auf Deutsch auch den symptomatischen Untertitel Aus dem Reich der Toten trägt. Symbolism From The Lord! Man kann das Kino durchaus als eine Art Schnittstelle zwischen dem Reich der Toten und dem Reich der Lebenden bezeichnen. Playscape! Wie der Filmwissenschaftler Ken Gelder beispielsweise schreibt, war es genau diese Qualität des Kinos, auf die Kommentatoren des frühen Stummfilmkinos aufmerksam machten: Berichte über frühe Formen des modernen Kinos [. From! ] betonen die Fähigkeit des Kinos Bilder zum Leben zu erwecken, den Tod selbst überwinden zu können und lebendiger zu erscheinen, als wir selbst [. Essays! ]. Das postklassische Kino versucht ein Gefühl der Identifikation mit Traumata der Angst, des Verlusts oder der Gewalt zu suggerieren. From The Lord! Wie die zeitgenössische Filmtheorie betont, anerkennt dieses Kino, daß die Filmerfahrung prinzipiell und in essay summer vacation bangladesh, allererster Linie eine körperliche Erfahrung ist und eben nicht eine entkörperlichte, wie sie das Camera-obscura-Modell suggeriert. From Flies! In diesem Sinne kann die Leinwand des Kinos nicht mehr lediglich als rechteckiges, zweidimensionales 'Fenster' (zur Welt) konzeptionalisiert werden, sondern viel eher als eine Art Schnittstelle, als liminales Schwellenreich zwischen Subjekt und Welt; zwischen dem Körper des Zuschauers und seinen eigenen Phantasmen, Sehnsüchten und Projektionen. To Put Thesis In Essay! In diesem Sinne ist das Kino eine Begehren und Phantasmen produzierende kulturelle Entität, die uns mit den Grundlagen unserer (körperlichen) Existenz, dem Leben und dem Tod, permanent konfrontiert.

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Fast Food Restaurant Business Plan. Consumer expenditures for fast food in Singapore rose during the end of the year 2000, followed by the recovery of Singapore's economy. The increasing number of new establishments such as fast food franchises, fancy restaurants and from the lord, gourmet bakeries around Singapore has shown a significant growth in this sector. Food spending is essay summer, around 56% of total consumer expenditures in Singapore, and consumer spending on leisure and recreation made up of 13% of symbolism total consumer spending. A much broader appeal exists for weekend slots because those are the days when most of our core target market enjoys the mall going activities. Age - Youngsters, single, currently enrolled in college and high school. Family unit - We will also appeal to families (young families) with children. Gender - We will target both sexes, with a slight skew for males due to their lower attention to dietary concerns. To Put! Income - We will appeal to symbolism from flies, the medium income individuals and to all in the lower medium income bracket. Our concept will have very broad appeal. It is our goal to be the essay term, hip destination for symbolism of the flies fast food cravings.

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Our core group: Wants variety and flavor in its food, preferably something fried Looks for speed of symbolism the lord service Wants an entertaining and playscape thesis, fun experience Insists upon a clean, friendly, and attractive environment Adopts a global lifestyle Is computer literate Enjoys eating out Has an active lifestyle Comes from various ethnic backgrounds. According to a GAIN Report published in 2000, potatoes are the symbolism from the lord, second largest commodity of US exports to Singapore after fresh fruit, valuing almost USD $13 million per annum. This is caused by the increasingly younger demographic and rising incomes throughout Singapore that have led to thesis, lifestyle changes that are influencing consumer purchases, food, and entertainment choices. Some changes taking place include a larger professional class with more working women, which means greater disposable incomes. In the past, Singaporeans preferred Western chain restaurants. This was the time when KFC, McDonald's, Long John Silver's and Pizza Hut were dominating most of the chains. Symbolism From The Lord! But the trend seems to have shifted in the last decade, with the gantantra diwas essay, success of the locally grown brands, such as Bread Talk and Bee Che Hiang.

Many of these local brands grew to symbolism from of the flies, become giant franchises that dominate the Southeast Asia region. For instance, Bread Talk controls 55% of Indonesia's bakery market. The key to success for these foreign chains was mainly due to controversial marriage, the popularity of Singapore as tourist destination for these countries. Tourists are the symbolism, strongest buzzer. Usually after they went back from christopher hitchens essays online, vacationing in Singapore, they told friends and families about new things in Singapore, including new shopping malls, new boutiques, new restaurants, and new fast food joints. The fascination of Asian tourists coming to Singapore has positioned the city itself as an aspiration to modern life in the region. Many local entrepreneurs camouflaged their retail stores as an international brand in accordance to what they sell.

For instance, there is a local entrepreneur who created a Japanese name to symbolism from of the flies, sell yakitori (Japanese BBQ meat skewers), and there is a fashion boutique named after an old Italian movie. Despite the diwas, prolonged effects of the symbolism from, Asian Economic Crisis followed by essays marriage political turmoil up to mid 2001, Singapore's food service industry witnessed growth over 2000/2001 at 4 - 5% in terms of units and transaction (Euromonitor). Much of this growth was contributed by the cafes/bars, fast food, and food retail sectors, whose wide appeal amongst a young population, for whom time is symbolism from the lord of the, of a premium, led to high levels of growth. This growth is underpinned by where in essay market demand and lifestyle changes, such as seeing eating out as part of trendy lifestyle. Entry of major multi-national food service operators into symbolism the lord major shopping destination in the late 1980s until the 1990s led to growth in controversial essays marriage competition in the marketplace, mainly from fast food chains. This stimulated the rise in the number of fast food units, both of international and local chains, that started in the early 1990s. Although there was a slowdown during the economic crisis in 1998, the food service industry recovered faster than others, particularly during 2000 and 2001. Recent bombing tragedies have also proven that negative effects on this sector are moderately short-term.

Franchising became popular in the lord flies the food service industry through the introduction and entry of multi-national food service brands, primarily U.S.-owned enterprises, such as KFC, Pizza Hut and McDonald's. Summer Vacation! Currently, there are many local chains that have also experienced growth by applying this system to symbolism from of the, their operations. 4.3.1 Trends in Food Service Retail. According to government surveys, Singapore's spending on eating out is continuing to increase. Spending on cooked food as a percentage of total average food-spend reached 55% in on gay 1998. The growth in spending in the food service sector arises from a number of factors: Increased affluence amongst Singaporeans, especially those under the age of 40 years. The Lord Of The! Increases in the number of expatriate residents, which has more than doubled since 1988. Playscape! Increased convenience-seeking amongst younger Singaporeans who live in a hectic city today compared to the much slower pace of life that existed 20 years ago. When they want convenient cooked food, Singaporeans have long turned to the local hawker stalls, rather than prepared ready-to-cook or ready-to-eat processed convenience foods. As the numbers and variety of food service outlets has increased in symbolism from the lord of the Singapore, locals have adopted the convenient products of other food service outlets, especially the fast food outlets, as alternative sources of convenient cooked food.

Younger middle and upper income group families and individuals are also frequent users of the full service restaurants, modern-style coffee shops and cafes that now exist all across Singapore. Over the thesis in essay, past 5 years, there has been a general upgrading in the food service sector which has seen the establishment of more air conditioned food centers (food courts) that are considerably cleaner than the traditional hawker markets. At the same time, increased investment from foreign and the lord flies, local businesses in the sector has also produced an increase in the numbers of: Foreign chains, including chains such as Outback Steakhouse. Modern retail bakery/cafe outlets such as Bread Talk. Modern coffee shops such as Starbucks.

4.3.2 Competition and Buying Patterns. The competition in this arena is the to put thesis, fiercest in all other metropolitan areas in SE Asia. Singapore is a compact city, but has a lot to offer. Usually there are a minimum of two of the from the lord, same outlets within a radius of less than 300 meters. Essay Summer Vacation! For instance, Bread Talk opens one outlet inside the Ngee Ann City Shopping Centre and another just across the street inside the Far East Plaza Shopping Centre. Flies! It is quite common for retailers to implement this kind of strategy, due to the high volume of people strolling around the main area of Orchard Road. Another reason is because many retailers do not want to lose sales opportunity, as the competitors are offering substitutions and similar product categories. Summer! This phenomenon has made Singapore the best place to from the lord of the flies, shop. Thesis! If you just missed Haagen Dazs waffle at from the lord of the CK Tang Shopping Mall, there is another Haagen Dazs across the street at to put the new Paragon Shopping Centre. Our main competitors in this segment are any food outlets within the 300 meter radius along the Orchard Road.

In our location, there are Tori-Q, Pizza Walker, Starbucks, Bread Talk, and Rotiboy. Tori-Q is locally owned franchise who sells Japanese BBQ skewers. Of The Flies! Established in 1998, Tori-Q had expanded its operation into gantantra diwas essay neighboring countries, Indonesia, Malaysia, and symbolism from the lord of the flies, Thailand. Where In Essay! Tori-Q is popular among local teenagers as it offers fast service to its customers. From The Lord Of The! Commonly, Tori-Q outlets are rather small, and can only serve a maximum of 6 guests. It is a choice for those who are in a hurry and would like to grab a quick lunch on the way. Pizza Walker is a joint venture positioned as gourmet pizza joint in Singapore. Most of controversial essays its retail outlets are decorated with welcoming ambience, such as flowers and see-through kitchens. Pizza Walker is symbolism the lord, a good place to hang out, and the place is always full during lunch hour. It has more than enough tables to serve a maximum of 55 guests. Its specialty is all-you-can-eat pizza!

Starbucks' strategy entering the lunch market had made some impact in Singapore. Usually, a lunch menu in Singapore consists of fried and BBQ stuff such as roast pork with rice or the Big Mac. Starbucks is essay term, one of the symbolism the lord of the flies, first food retailers that popularized light and healthy alternatives such as salad or lean sandwich as an options for where to put Singapore's lunch accommodations. As the most successful franchiser in Singapore, Bread Talk is surely becoming a threat for most food retailers. Bread Talk not only rented most of the retail space along Orchard Road, but now they are doing delivery to offices and apartments nearby. Bread Talk outlets usually consist of a huge see-through kitchen, and bread trays ready for pick-up by symbolism the lord flies customers, with three or four cashiers at front, to speed up the queue. Rumor has it that Bread Talk sold more than 35,000 breads each day in just one of their retail outlets. A Malaysian franchise. Hitchens! Rotiboy is quite popular in the region as it is symbolism from of the flies, now expanding into several cities in Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, and the Philippines. Rotiboy offers simplicity for quick lunch franchiser, and often considered alternatives for its long queueing rivals.

Around 40% of the franchises operating in essay term Singapore are foreign. Symbolism Of The! Home grown franchises are still in their maturing stages as they start to expand globally. Franchises from the U.S. account for 65% of foreign brands, with big players such as KFC, Starbucks, Pizza Hut, etc. Due to high capital investment, Singapore conglomerates tend to dominate the industry. Home grown franchises are more often sought more by young entrepreneurs than are their Western counterparts, as they offer greater flexibility and playscape thesis, lower franchise fees to operate. Unlike Western license holders, home grown franchises are more efficient in the overall supply chain management as the basic raw ingredients are commonly found anywhere in the region. Your business plan can look as polished and professional as this sample plan. Symbolism From The Lord! It's fast and easy, with LivePlan.

Business planning has never been easier. With 500 complete sample plans, easy financials, and essay, access anywhere, LivePlan turns your great idea into from the lord a great plan for controversial essays success. You can download this complete sample plan as a text document for FREE. Bplans is owned and from the lord flies, operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses. 1996 - 2017 Palo Alto Software.

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