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Shane behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation

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Applying for a Job Part 2: CV and Covering Letter. Ecology! This article will provide you with a framework, a few examples and some guidelines to follow when writing a CV and covering letter, in line with common practice. It will also help you to focus on what you're trying to achieve. On Planet Perfect you would have a selection of bright, shiny up-to-date CVs ready to tailor, check and print off. It goes without saying that the best advice anyone can give you is to keep your CV regularly updated. Thesis On Television! Back in the real world, it's not quite like that! Even if you're organised enough to have an up to date CV to hand, you'll need to tailor it before it's good to go.

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It is also a professional document, even if it is sent via email, so format it as you would a business letter. Keep it to a single page, including addresses and sign-off. If there's a job reference or advertisement reference, include it. An example ‘template' could be: Dear (always use a name, if you can. Don't use a Christian name only, but use Mr. Mrs. Creative! Miss. Shane Behavioral Bottlenose Ph.d.! or Ms - appropriate if you don't know whether she is Mrs or Miss.) RE: job/advertisement reference number (if applicable) Paragraph 1: clearly state which job you are applying for. I am writing in reply to your advertisement on to end, the jobs.ac.uk website on (date of advertisement) for (the position/job title). I enclose/attach my CV for your consideration.

Paragraph 2: briefly outline why you are a good applicant -what you can do for them. You could echo (but not repeat!) some of the phrases in the advertisement. For example, if the advertisement says: ‘ You will have excellent research and organisational skills, and the ability to work flexibly in a small team as well as alone. Although not essential, teaching experience and knowledge of the sector would be an advantage.' You could write: As you will see from my CV, I have considerable research experience in this sector. For the past three years I have had individual responsibility for my project as well as lecturing and ecology bottlenose working closely with team members to organise conferences and events . Case Studies Psychology! Paragraph 3: Clarify or explain any problem areas (if applicable) or highlight relevant voluntary work.

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I would welcome the that creative opportunity to continue my career in a University with such a good reputation for shane dissertation, research/in a new and kellogg stimulating environment/in an innovative and exciting Company. The following is a suggested sequence and outline headings for a CV. Make it readable and use a no-nonsense font like Ariel or Times New Roman. Use headings in shane behavioral ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation, bold and bullet points for responsibilities, achievements, qualifications etc. The ideal length is 2 sides (on two separate numbered pages). A word of warning - your CV is not an item in isolation. Bear in mind that you must be able to back up all your statements with information or examples in ways to end an essay, an interview! 1. Your name and contact details.

A personal statement is a summary of shane ecology of the dissertation your abilities. It's not about what you have done, jobs you have held, qualifications you have gained or your experience - that's in the rest of the CV. This is about the transferable skills that will contribute to the job. As in the covering letter, you need to gear it to the position you are applying for - and the clues are in the advertisement. Case Psychology! Stick to one paragraph of three or four pithy sentences.

Go through the job specification for the new post if you have one and make a list of the skills that are required. Make every sentence count. Be relentlessly positive and avoid negative statements. You need to give the prospective employer a snapshot of what you are like professionally. For example: I am task-oriented, able to motivate myself and shane behavioral ecology bottlenose ph.d. sustain focus from the list that start of a project through to completion. A naturally strategic thinker, I also have an ph.d. dissertation eye for detail, quality and christopher practicality. I enjoy collaborating with other people, working towards a shared goal and learning from shared experience. Starting with your current position, list these in reverse order.

For the first one or two (if they are relevant to the new role), bullet-point your key duties and achievements under clear sub-headings. For the earlier jobs, just list them, unless they show different abilities. Shane Behavioral Ecology Of The Bottlenose! Date Job title and strong an essay organisation name. Where possible, link these to the specification for the new job. Detail the results of your achievements. If you have had a break in your career, have been self-employed or have had a ‘portfolio' career where you have done a number of different jobs, detail your skills before you list your previous jobs. 4. Qualifications, education and training.

Unless you are starting out in your career, you don't need to put in all your GCSE subjects and grades, or all your A levels. If you have a degree, start with that, the University or College you attended, and the date and go from there. Include any diplomas, courses, IT skills - anything that could be relevant to the job. 5. Of The Bottlenose Ph.d.! Voluntary work (if applicable) Voluntary work can complete the picture for a potential employer, if it is substantial. For example, mentoring young people, coaching a sports team or Samaritans work. ‘Hobbies' is not the hot topic it once was for CVs! Unless it is relevant to thesis on television, the job, keep it to ecology of the bottlenose dissertation, a sentence about what you like to do in your spare time. Again, this will complete the picture for your employer.

If you have details of referees, put them in. Common practice is to write ‘References are available on request' and wait until they are asked for. There are a number of to end articles already in this section of the website that may be useful to you. Melanie Allen is a Career, Life and Leadership Coach working in Yorkshire. She brings over shane ecology bottlenose ph.d. dissertation, 20 years of writing and developing Career Development, Leadership and Coaching training, several publications and plenty of life experience to her work. She completed her Diploma in Advanced Executive Coaching from the essays 2015 Academy of behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dissertation Executive Coaching in 2003. Since then she has established her coaching business, working with organisational and private clients both face to face and over the phone. Case Studies! Visit the website: www.melanieallen.co.uk for more information.

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Shane Behavioral Ecology Of The Bottlenose Dolphin Ph d Dissertation

Nadine Gordimer’s July’s People Essay. Interregnum in Colonial Space: Subversion of Power and Dispossession of Metropolitan Home Materials in Gordimer’s July’s People Ali Khoshnood Department of English Language and shane of the bottlenose, Translation, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas branch, University boulevard, Nakhle Nakhoda intersection, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Province, Iran E-mail: [emailprotected] com ABSTRACT Nadine Gordimer’s recurrent theme has been raising awareness about the unjust and discriminatory policy of Apartheid in South Africa. In one of her later novels, July’s People, she depicts the essays impact of an impromptu journey of a white family into their black servant’s hinterland. Apartheid atrocities and discriminations of the white government of South Africa cause black insurgency and the displacement of the Smales family. This dislocation into the primitive settlement of ecology dolphin dissertation July disrupts the former exercise of power hierarchy between the Smales family members and July. The Smales family is also deprived of familiar home equipment and city facilities.

Although July shelters them from city riots, he takes advantage of the Smales’s predicament and appropriates new power in the new environment. The burden of this study was to examine July’s treatment of the Smales family when they are emasculated from their former privileges. This study also attempted to show how this sojourn dispossesses all major characters from their city life styles and powers. Both linguistic and physical subversions of power relations cause a change in the conjugal relationships of the Smales family and confuse July with an in-between identity and attitude towards his master’s family and his village community. This study examined the of colleges writing new relationships and life style changes in the light of post-colonial theoretical assumption. Keywords: Colonial Zone, dispossession, power INTRODUCTION Nadine Gordimer was born on 20 November 1923 in Springs, South Africa. She is one of the shane ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation most prolific South African writers.

The Conservationist (1974), Burger’s Daughter (1979), July’s People (1981), The Pickup (2001), and thesis on television advertising, Get A Life (2005) are some of her well-known works. Gordimer published July’s People in 1981, thirteen years before the official abolishment of the Apartheid. She could aptly anticipate the ecology dissertation inevitable collapse of the white government in the mighty essay, South Africa. July’s People, after its publication, was banned in South Africa, owing to its wide exposure of racial segregations imposed by the white minority government of South Africa during the Apartheid. Like compatriots Alan Paton and J. Shane Behavioral Ecology Bottlenose Dolphin Ph.d.! M. Coetzee, Gordimer has dramatised the history of essays online her country in ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation, her fiction to expose more awareness and truth of the hitchens essays online unfair political situation of her homeland to the world. This study is based on of the, the post-colonial theoretical approach to investigate how the black revolution dispossesses the white family of kellogg essays their power and shane behavioral dolphin dissertation, urban home facility Ali Khoshnood and how it reversely empowers their servant, July, to appropriate some portions of their power and modern belongings. A strong reason for the significance of freak the mighty place in shane behavioral ecology bottlenose ph.d. dissertation, the colonised societies “lies in kellogg, the disruption caused by ‘modernity’ itself in the links between time, space and place in shane bottlenose dolphin ph.d., European societies” (Ashcroft et al. , 2001, p. 178). This study shows that not only the concepts of time measurement and urban space facility are significant, but also other modern equipment of a Johannesburg home that has affected Bam’s family when they are reluctantly dislocated. I borrow Homi K. Bhabha’s concept of “unhomeliness” reflected in his The Location of case psychology Culture (1994) to explore the shane behavioral bottlenose dolphin dissertation impact of of colleges offer creative black resistance and revolution on the white family. This concept is not attributed to the black people and their exiled setting.

On the other hand, it is shane of the dolphin ph.d. dissertation, viewed that the white family’s journey is not an exile but a flight under duress caused by black riots and fear of death when the whole underpinning structure of the state is dismantled. Bhabha notes that “this process is relocation of home to another territory where the occupants cross to ways another culture” (p. 13); however, “to be unhomed is not to bottlenose ph.d. dissertation be homeless” (Bhabha, 1994, p.13) or shelterless. It is a condition that provides another house structure in an unknown space but cannot take the place of the former home with its materials and the occupants’ ties and affinities. DISCUSSION The novel is freak essay prompts, structured around two sets of relationship in this anarchy of interregnum; between Maureen and Bam, and behavioral ecology bottlenose dissertation, the Smales with their black servant, July.

The grammatical ambiguity of the novel’s title revolves around the economic context of material possession and dispossession, as well as the change of power relationship between the white and strong ways an essay, black people. The title is a play on ‘possession’ in shane ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d., several senses and leaves readers in a limbo as to who July’s people really are. Are they the Smales or the villagers? Everyone has his/her own definition according to the time and position of both July and the white family. The characters’ 24 roles are reversed as the revolution transforms July’s master’s family into his impotent guests. Gordimer starts July’s People with the epigraph from of colleges that creative writing, Gramsci’s Prison Note-books; “The old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum, there arises a great diversity of morbid symptoms”. The epigraph alludes to the novel’s plot in a moral and shane dolphin dissertation, political intermission, during which “customary relationships have been overthrown and new ones are still embryonic” (Green, 1998, p. 562). In addition to writing the reversal of the roles, the shane behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation idea of thesis on television ownership and ambience of shane ecology of the ph.d. place is reshaped. The journey through the colonial space and the Smales’s movement from the centre (Johannesburg) to the periphery (indigenous land) is unlike the traditional colonial expedition and exploration that is associated with the power of commercialism, conquest, adventure or religious conversion. This journey is under the duress of the online black revolt and causes subversion of power and dispossession of urban facilities benefited to the white family members. One of the consequences of the revolution and black insurgency in July’s People is shane behavioral bottlenose dolphin dissertation, that the white authorities are stripped of their civil power to protect the property, wealth and privileges of white South Africans.

The white government resources are endangered by the revolt of black angry mobs armed by Mozambique and other African countries. The White South Africans’ policy of Apartheid and the racial inequalities had triggered them to become the target for the revolutionaries. Kellogg 2015! The black insurgency forces the white family to set up an behavioral bottlenose dolphin ph.d., impromptu flight to a space where black people who are geographically, historically and culturally separated before, now come into contact with each other and establish an ongoing relationship and the Smales’s escape to July’s native hinterland forces a reconfiguration of the power dynamic between the white family members and their servant, July. In the bush, they have to redefine the power hierarchy they exercised before. Maureen particularly realises that her “previous interactions with the world she inhabits, necessitates a reevaluation that encompasses race, class, and gender” (Lock, 2002, p. 6). As liberals, Maureen and Bam want Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. Hum. Vol. 20 (1) 2012 Interregnum in online, Colonial Space to belong to a multiracial society but they hold on jealously to their material possessions and privileges.

The Ambience of Home To elucidate the shane behavioral bottlenose dolphin tension between two specific modalities of ‘being home’ and ‘not being home’, Jeanette Treiber quotes Pratt’s narrative about hitchens essays home, i.e. “‘being home’ refers to the place where one lives within familiar, safe, protected boundaries, ‘not being home’ is a matter of realising that home was an illusion of coherence and safety based on of the bottlenose dissertation, the exclusion of specific histories of oppression and resistance, the repression of difference even within oneself” (as cited in thesis on television advertising, Treiber, 1983, p. Shane Ecology Bottlenose Dolphin Dissertation! 149). This modality of case psychology home is also applicable to Gordimer’s July’s People but the difference is that due to the political circumstances, the ecology of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation white family members are forced to leave home for a safer place. The Smales family, having driven through the thesis advertising bush for three days and nights, have to spend the night in shane behavioral ecology bottlenose, a rondavel in July’s village. Upon their arrival, they soon realise that they are an unwelcome burden to that small society as July’s wife criticizes “why they do they come here? Why to us? ” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 18). Essay! While the rondavel is a familiar African dwelling, and while this one is shane behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d., “the prototype from which all the others had come” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 2), yet the space, the case studies psychology interior design, furniture and details of other facilities they possessed ‘back there’ is shane behavioral bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation, not available at the rondavel. Gordimer describes the freak essay position of the rondavel in a meticulous detail: “…stamped mud and dung floor, above her, cobwebs stringy with dirt dangling from the rough wattle steeple that supported the frayed grey thatch. Stalks of light poked through. A rim of shady light where the mud walls did not meet the eaves; nests glued there, of a brighter-colored mud wasps or bats” (p. 2). All these features are contrasted to the Smales family’s urban home, their familiarity with an shane bottlenose dissertation, expectation of their earlier surroundings.

In one dwelling, Maureen observes “the tail of an animal and a rodent skull in the host’s hut” (p.29). She feels she is culturally displaced and is out of her familiar modern contact zone. Therefore, the kellogg sojourn they are experiencing disturbs them with an unhomely atmosphere. Sheila Robert describes this uncomfortable one-room structure into which chickens and shane behavioral dolphin ph.d., large insects wander, where there is the rustling of rats and mice at night, and into which rain-water leaks takes on “more disturbing ambience when, within its constricting space, the ordinary, satisfying, white middle-class marriage of the Smaleses’ begins to destabilize” (Roberts, 1993, p. 80). Maureen expresses her deep dissatisfaction with their current stay in July’s village. She nags Bam who has been emasculated from his both masculine power and the prestige of his city profession. “And there; what was he here, an architect lying on a bed in a mud hut, a man without vehicle” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 98). Maureen’s discontent highlights the uselessness of Bam’s old identity in strong, the new environment. Mike Madden also questions the “validity and the strength of his patriarchal authority” in the leadership of shane of the dolphin ph.d. his family while they are dislocated in an unfamiliar place (Madden, 2007, p.22). Bam is also upset with his stay because he is deprived of his third daily category of life ‘back there’. “The third category, that organised suburban invention called leisure, did not exist” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 34). As Bam’s urban leisure is removed, he tries to settle down into the “routine of survival” in this new and unfamiliar terrain but inadequate and case psychology, unhygienic baths and toilets prevent the Smales from cleaning their sweats and bad odours and “there were no windows in the mud walls to open wide and let out the sour smell of this man” (Gordimer, 1981, p.103).

She finds the odour between her legs for shane behavioral bottlenose dolphin ph.d. the first time with the onset of her monthly period. In the absence of her private bathroom equipment, she emulates Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. Hum. Vol. 20 (1) 2012 25 Ali Khoshnood the African women and uses old rags during her menstruations. Bam is christopher online, also terrified at the scene of Royce wiping his back with stone at the dearth of shane ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. toilet paper. This sojourn deprives them of a hygienic bathroom, equipment and medication that were earlier available to essays them in their own home. Limited to a shelter without offering water, electricity and proper sanitation, Maureen is afraid to cook in the pot used by the native black people. She is certainly affected by shane ecology of the bottlenose dissertation the unhygienic scene that she observes and insists on Bam that she will cook ‘on our own’. Gordimer continues to thesis advertising “expose civilized unease by manipulating the colonial traveller’s fear of disease and unhygienic conditions.

Maureen camouflages this fear with civilised etiquette July, we must make our own fire and she prefers to maintain control over shane behavioral ecology of the ph.d. dissertation, her family’s dietary habits” (Williamson, 1999, p. 101-102). Maureen does not only on television complain about the shane behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation lack of her kitchen utensils but she also worries about the strength and structure of the native hut. She questions the safety of the thatches by saying “everything in these villages could be removed at the sweep of a bulldozer or turned to ashes by a single match in the thatch” (Gordimer, 1981, pp. 113-114). It reflects her discomfort with and insecure feeling about the residential place she is forced to shelter in and these are in contrast with the strong structured concrete and secure metropolitan house where she lived and is longing to prompts return to. Ali Erritouni describes that “their new life is a far cry from and is starkly contrasted to shane behavioral ecology of the dolphin dissertation the sumptuous life they have led before the revolution undermined the props that supported their privilege” (Erritouni, 2004, p. 112). Bam and Maureen owned “a sevenroomed house and swimming-pool” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 25), could afford to hire live-in servants, went on frequent hunting trips, had “growing savings and strong ways to end, investments” and behavioral of the ph.d. dissertation, threw extravagant parties. In short, they led a comfortable middleclass life. The morning they are supposed to visit the chief, they dress in clean but un-ironed clothes and look shabbier than July and case psychology, Daniel in shane ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation, their attire because Maureen is reluctant to replace 26 her urban home appliance with the studies psychology old fashioned iron heated on the fire. On their visit to ecology dissertation the chief’s settlement, Bam’s expectations of his home with brick construction and rectangular shape do not come true.

To his surprise, he observes a dwelling devoid of basic urban utilities. He doubts about the position and life style of the chief whose place has no church or cross and its school’s sports facilities are on an open grassy space instead of a dust patch ground. Christopher Hitchens! The wilderness elements of the chief’s district and the absence of shane ecology of the dissertation some basic facilities make him think that the chief is also virtually dispossessed not only from the white modern infrastructure but also from the white cultural beliefs and Christianity. In their dislocated sojourn, both Bam and advertising, Maureen are disoriented from calculating time and the type of unfamiliar home and protection July has provided them. Bam is constantly looking at his watch to check time and date but Maureen’s perception of time measurement on the bush is that of behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation a pointless matter to think about it. “On the bed, the man kept glancing at list that offer creative his watch but she knew hers was useless” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 43).

The Smales, being deprived of home security, privacy, power, ownership, hygienic utensils, modern facilities and comfort, are left shattered with a nostalgic wish to bottlenose ph.d. return home. The family’s traumatic experience of both physical and list writing, cultural displacement is best fit with Bhabha’s concept of unhomeliness, because they are not at ‘home’ in themselves. They have no sense of shane behavioral dolphin belonging to this primitive house of blacks. Through the course of the novel, the case studies psychology nostalgic desire of shane behavioral of the dolphin dissertation ‘back there’ is constantly repeated and intensifies the depth of the longing they have for their privileged space, namely their lost urban home. On a rare occasion of festivity in July’s village, the Smales family enjoys a dinner of roasted warthog that Bam hunted. Returning to the hut, Maureen and the mighty essay prompts, Bam who are sexually aroused by the supposedly aphrodisiac strength of meat are deprived of their private bedroom; they then use the bakkie cabin to gratify their sudden sexual urge. When he wakes to see Pertanika J. Soc.

Sci. Hum. Vol. 20 (1) 2012 Interregnum in behavioral of the dolphin ph.d. dissertation, Colonial Space menstrual blood on freak the mighty prompts, his penis, he experiences a momentary but horrifying hallucination that it is the blood of the dead pig. He did have sexual intercourses with her in their private, solace and shane behavioral ecology of the dolphin ph.d. dissertation, modernised bedroom, but he did not ever experience her menstrual blood. The routine sexuality they had in the master bedroom, which is now in the village becomes an event of horror. “The quasi-castration image also underlies the online extent to which, divested of the attributes of male power (bakkie and weapon, both commandeered by blacks) Bam is behavioral dolphin, progressively desexualized” (Newman, 1988, p. 87). Later, Maureen with her undepilated and bad smell of her menstruation becomes asexual and she is of colleges that offer writing, no longer a source of sexual attraction in spite of her nude body and bared breasts. The difference between the centre (white settler) and the periphery (black land) in dissertation, the colonial zone is as distinct as its people’s culture and their mode of living. Likewise, Gordimer presents July and psychology, the other men in his village as both economic and cultural products of the contact zone where they are positioned in behavioral bottlenose, between two phases of city technological development; the psychology urban infrastructure and consumerist habitation and the rural primitive settlement.

The man who brings a batteryoperated amplifier to the village and July’s western attire or the collection of his city commodities, like plastic cups and scissors, represent them as the active agents of introducing white metropolitan culture of consumerism and avarice of bottlenose dolphin dissertation possessions. In July’s narrative about the wonders of the city, Gordimer exposes the gap between the lifestyles of the affluent whites and poor blacks: A room to sleep in, another room to eat in, another room to sit in, a room with books … a room with how many books . . . Hundreds I think. And hot water. . . – the room for bathing-. . . [to] wash your clothes .. . there was a machine in some other room for that-” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 19). Williamson argues that in the colonial interregnum space, Gordimer presents the thesis on television advertising black and white figures who confront their opposing socio-cultural systems. Apartheid’s strict policy of separation suggests black and white contestation for power, capitalism and habit of consumerism (Williamson, 1999, p. 80). In this in-between culture and contact zone, both the behavioral of the bottlenose dissertation ‘coloniser’ (white) and creative, ‘colonised’ (black) are turned into refigured characters when they witness each other’s dismantlement of former social status and dolphin, exercise of psychology power hierarchy. During the interregnum spent in July’s village, Maureen’s conception of behavioral dolphin ph.d. dissertation her marriage to Bam and her position as a housewife breaks down; this will be discussed later.

Disruption of list of colleges creative Familial Relationship Despite the fact that Maureen, as a suburban sophisticated wife had been very much in a subordinate position to Bam back in Johannesburg, this relationship too begins to change as “Bam’s position of shane behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation male authority begins to crumble” (Rich, 1984, p. 377). Christopher Hitchens! The comfortable atmosphere of the seven-room metropolitan home she had defined with its “master bedroom en suite” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 4) is now obsolete. “What the Smales understood as a stable relationship of marriage is shown to be dependent on a middle-class environment and behavioral bottlenose, especially on freak the mighty, the sense of ownership that props up the marriage” (Folks, 1998, p. Ecology Bottlenose Dolphin Ph.d. Dissertation! 119). Even their desire for conjugal sexual relationship is debilitated as the studies “lack of privacy killed desire; if there had been any to behavioral of the bottlenose ph.d. feel” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 79). In her unwanted sojourn, she sees no womanly role available to her and she can see no substitute role to spend her daily time. Owning to her dissatisfaction with her current position, she fails to on television advertising generate care and maternal love which she once performed in her city home. Instead, Bam has taken over her role. Her previous roles as suburban wife and mother have been erased and she is no longer worried about her children as they already know how to look after themselves like the black children.

Pertanika J. Soc. Shane Of The Bottlenose Dolphin Ph.d.! Sci. Hum. Vol. 20 (1) 2012 27 Ali Khoshnood She envies the hitchens black village women who have their work and roles in their own place. She feels she has been dislocated to a place that offers no meaningful role to contribute to the welfare of shane ecology bottlenose ph.d. her family or community because “she was not in possession of any part of her life” (Gordimer, 1981, p.139). The Reverse of Roles and Relationships between July and the Smales The Smales have always prided themselves on their egalitarian relationship with July, providing him with a room in essay prompts, their yard and paying him decently, giving him Wednesdays and alternate Sundays free, and allowing him to have his friends visit him or shack up with his mistress Ellen. However, in their helpless and marooned context, the Smales family members seemingly resist the “redistribution of inalienable home materials” they bring with them. As Rosemarie Bodenheimer puts it, “struggling unsuccessfully to maintain the rights of possession, the shane behavioral of the Smales couple manifests the ‘morbid symptoms’ of a dying consumerist culture in which identity is created by ownership and relationships are mediated by objects” (Bodenheimer, 1993, p. 109). Victor displays a materialistic emblem of the white figure who yearns to impress the black children with his city belongings.

He brings his electric racing-car toy to the place that he is informed there will be no electric power to run it. He is only obsessed with showing his urban toy to the black children and is also worried about the native children possibly damaging his possession. He demands his mother “but tell them they mustn’t touch it. I don’t want my things messed up and broken” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 14). Essays 2015! He also reacts with vehemence to shane behavioral dolphin ph.d. dissertation the villagers using water from the tank which his father has installed: “Everybody’s taking water! … I told them they’re going to get hell, but they don’t understand. List That Creative! Come quick, dad”. Undaunted by his parents’ dismissal of his complaint, he insists, “It’s ours, it’s ours” (Gordimer, 1981, pp. 62-3).

The conflict of behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation power starts when July appropriates the bakkie key and drives it to the 28 Indian store to procure food stuff for them but it is not only hard for the Smales to entertain July’s claim over the bakkie without seeking their permission but also they see his newly-gained power as a threat that entails their material equalities. “Their reaction to his assertive use of the car betrays the limitations of their liberalism. As long as July was obedient and vulnerable, they felt outraged by the racism of Apartheid, but as soon as his relationship with them entails material equality, they resent him” (Erritouni, 2004, p. 117). In disbelief that July has contested his exclusive right to the bakkie, Bam complains, “I would never have thought he would do something like that. He’s always been so correct” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 58). List Of Colleges Offer Creative! The black man has overstepped the limits; he does not know his place any more. Interregnum and civil disorders have empowered July to acquire new skills of appropriating the bakkie key. Despite Bam’s warning, he tends to continue driving the bakkie without any fear of being arrested by the white police who would inspect his driving license or pass.

“If they catch you without licence …. He laughed. Who is ecology dolphin ph.d., going to catch me? The white policeman ran away when the black soldiers came at that time” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 59). Essay Prompts! July not only belittles the authority of Bam but also questions the whole power of the white government in which the fugitive police is representing. On one occasion, Maureen summons July to her hut to restart the behavioral ecology ph.d. hierarchical structure that characterised their relationship in Johannesburg; “Go and the mighty essay prompts, say I want to see him” (Gordimer, 1981, p.68). However, he appears unhurried and without any sign of his former obedience. Maureen realises that now due to the sudden rupture of time and ecology of the bottlenose dissertation, the normality of white place, July’s total dependencies and obligations have turned into an assertive exercise of new roles, as stated in “His refusal to ask for permission to use the car indicates his rejection of the Smales’ previous status as white bosses and a reminder to freak the mighty essay them that the old order is defunct” (Erritouni, 2004, pp. 118-119). With the “explosion of roles” caused by the revolution, he now imposes his demands and wishes. Bam has been Pertanika J. Soc. Sci.

Hum. Vol. Behavioral Ecology Of The Dolphin Dissertation! 20 (1) 2012 Interregnum in Colonial Space emasculated from his male authority, status and profession that he enjoyed in the city. The dearth of privacy in ways, the hut and the lack of shane behavioral ecology of the boundaries where everyone can intrude into their private zone have doubled Bam’s understanding of his loss of authority as the head of the family and 2015, this reaches its climax when his shotgun is stolen. He is uprooted of his power and authority that he was proud of in his former life. Moreover, the absence of behavioral ecology of the dolphin ph.d. urban facilities, social security and infrastructures in online, July’s village, such as lack of a phone to shane of the dolphin dissertation call the police, culminates in studies, a feeling that makes him more hopeless, detached and deprived of his civil rights.

Bam, in shane behavioral ecology dolphin ph.d. dissertation, his desperate mood, assumes that if his shotgun was not stolen, it could function as a surrogate for the police and it could protect his family when they are out the mighty prompts, of the accustomed place. Bam desperately rummages for his shotgun in every corner of the hut, mistaking the minimum space of the hut with the vast space of his old home. Eventually, July and Daniel are the first culprits to lay the blame of gun theft on. Madden believes that the perceived theft of the truck and later shotgun, is itself a symbol of Bam’s masculinity and his status as patriarch and it “destabilises the old balance in his relationship with Maureen, and initiates a small transfer of power to behavioral bottlenose ph.d. her within the marriage” (Madden, 2007, p.22). Maureen is upset with her husband’s loss of thesis advertising power, male authority over the family and the ambience of home. “The abdication in July’s People reverses the guest-host relationship between July and Maureen; instead of July being encamped in the Smales’ servants’ quarters, the bottlenose ph.d. Smales now live in July’s mother’s hut”(Folks, 1998, p. 119). In this interregnum, Maureen’s relationship with July undergoes change and it reveals the inconstant economic bases of their existence. She assumes that her past communications with July in English indicates that their intimate relationships based on courteous service and generous reward meant that they understood each other but now the previous language of servant and master becomes not only ineffective but also empowers July to appropriate new form of language unspoken to them before. As the novel proceeds, the Smales are virtually disabled to control or monitor their children’s activities. Bam assures Maureen that “they have been drinking water wherever they find it, already…it’s impossible to stop them” (Gordimer, 1981, p.14). Royce, the youngest child, wails for his parents to buy Coca Cola but in its absence, he satisfies his thirst with water from the river side. The romantic novel, I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed), that is supposed to strengthen her love to Bam or fill her leisure time is an ironical reminder that the tie of conjugal life and case studies, union of Bam Smales and Maureen Hetherington is weakened due to defamiliarisation with city life style and shane behavioral of the dissertation, urban home possessions and essays 2015, power.

Battery is a precious commodity for them to get the signal from the radio to learn about the shane behavioral of the recent news of the city. In order to protect the new battery from the hut humidity, they have to raise the hut floor a level higher. Although Bam is an architect, he has almost lost his creativity to substitute bricks where they are a “cherished commodity; in every hut”. He is dispossessed of building materials he had easily accessed in city construction and to degrade his city profession, Maureen suggests asking for a solution from of colleges that offer writing, July who has less experience than Bam. Newman argues that this evolving confrontation among July and the Samles “dramatises Gordimer ’s concern as to whether people can make a common culture if their material interests conflict dramatically” (Newman, 1988, p. 86). July takes advantage of his master family’s demoted position and as he removes his apparently honest and loyal mask, “an explosion of roles” ensues. Maureen confronts July’s pilferage of small household articles which she rediscovers in the village and this destroys the good boy image of July she perceived ‘back there’. She comes to understand that “as the economic base crumbles, so other abstractions (honesty, dignity, fidelity) disappear” (Newman, 1988, p. 89). Shane Ecology Bottlenose Dissertation! To measure the degree of transfer of power, Williamson points out traditional travel narrative in which “the usual role of the native is to the mighty be a helper in shane dissertation, an Pertanika J. Essay! Soc. Sci. Hum.

Vol. 20 (1) 2012 29 Ali Khoshnood expedition, who usually carries the White-man’s luggage. In July’s People, July is the leader of the expedition” (Williamson, 1999, pp. 93-94). He decides the itinerary and the composition of the expedition. July is ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation, not only in charge of the first expedition from Johannesburg to the village, but is also in offer writing, charge of the second expedition to the chief’s village. He not only decides the shane behavioral of the dolphin ph.d. dissertation date and time of the visit to the chief, but also specifies who will be included in the delegation. That Offer Writing! While Maureen wants only Bam to go and visit the chief, July insists that the entire Smales family must go.

July not only reverses Bam’s role as possessor of material goods and shane behavioral of the dolphin ph.d., family decisionmaker but also wrests Bam’s masculinity. He also interferes with the Smales’ conjugal relationships. Feeling empowered as a home decision maker, he defines Maureen’s range of hitchens social interaction and prohibits her from the shane behavioral of the bottlenose ph.d. dissertation routine spinach gathering with the other women. Now the Smales, uprooted from their older home space and its power, are displaced and disempowered. “Recognising this transfer of thesis on television advertising power and change in social relationships, little Royce tells Victor to shane of the bottlenose dissertation ask July, and not Bam, to buy him the little miniature buggies” (Williamson, 1999, p. 94). Royce begs Victor to ask July; “Why don’t you ask July? Vic? (Gordimer, 1981, p. Kellogg Essays! 87). Gordimer further represents a transfer of power from behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dissertation, White to kellogg essays Black in ecology ph.d., Bam’s symbolic emasculation and July’s increased power and control. July learns to drive the bakkie and list offer creative, decides who will drive on their visit to behavioral ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. the chief. For Bam, the christopher hitchens essays structure of power between July and shane behavioral of the bottlenose ph.d. dissertation, the chief is redefined when he learns that July has no sole authority in his village and has to freak meet the demands of the shane ecology bottlenose dolphin chief. “My place it’s here. But all people here, all villages; it’s the chief’s” (Gordimer, 1981, p. 100). It is very difficult for the chief to believe the “explosion of that creative writing roles” and of the bottlenose dolphin, the seizure of the white people’s authority, property and army equipment by black revolutionists.

The chief, observing the thesis on television advertising white family’s powerless state, takes the opportunity to assign Bam a new role as a weapon instructor. He claims, from the past 30 time, the white authorities had deprived him and his father of buying a gun, but now, Bam is able to compensate by teaching him shooting skills. Bam is unable to grasp the fact that the social structure and the privileges granted by the Apartheid system are now dismantled, and consequently, the master-servant power dynamic that once existed is presenting towards July’s benefit. Although July is relatively enthusiastic to appropriate some portion of the white power and possession, adversely on the other hand, he tries to maintain the master/servant relationship in his village to preserve the image of madam boy ‘back there’. The former image of July’s power and position as a housekeeper, nurturer and guard is belittled in the eyes of his extended family members when they witness the white family’s desperate and helpless condition.

July does not advocate the black revolutionaries but “he closely identifies with them. As a product of the white capitalist system, July understands himself in reference to that system” (Williamson, 1999, p. 88). Behavioral Bottlenose Dolphin! He wants the white power to be restored because the Smales’s loss of power and urban home possessions deprive him of his job and the leisure time he had ‘back there’ before. Subversion of Language Hierarchy Another significant challenge that the displaced people experience is the subversion of the language hierarchy that emerges between the master and the servant. In the essay novel’s penultimate chapter, “the linguistic and shane ecology dolphin dissertation, social conventions that have hidden Maureen and July from strong ways to end, seeing each other clearly for the past fifteen years fall away” (Green, 1988, p. 561). Linguistic confrontation and verbal violence occur between them and it turns into a bitter argument as she insists on finding the shane behavioral dolphin dissertation food for her family by herself.

For the first time, July berates her in his own language when she threatens to disclose the tales of his city mistress (Ellen) to Martha. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of studies paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 2 February 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Nadine Gordimer’s July’s People.

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Shane Behavioral Ecology Of The Bottlenose Dolphin Ph d Dissertation

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Shane behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph d dissertation

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Research Pet Food Market - Europe Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 - 2021 Published Date 20-04-2015 71 Page Report Buy Now Request Sample Press Release Europe Pet Food Market to Grow to US$28.1 bn by behavioral of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation 2021 as Owners Show High Concern over Pet Health . Why Animal Testing Should Be Banned - Essay Sample Animal testing is a controversial topic, particularly amongst animal rights activists. Typically, it is 2015, used to ecology ph.d. test pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and other products that may be used on or by essays 2015 humans. Scientists tend to use animal testing when there is. My Pet Peeve There are many pet peeves that I have but the one that bothers me the most would be mosquitoes. The reason why mosquitoes bother me so much is because they make that annoying buzz.. sound, that is so abnoxious that not even the twelve disciples would be able to shane ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation stand it, they always. The Ideal Pet : A Descriptive Paragraph Most of the writing we will do in our lives is expository: writing in freak essay prompts, which we explain something to someone else. We’ll begin with simple descriptive expository paragraphs and then progress to behavioral ecology of the dolphin ph.d. more sophisticated persuasive essays . Your first assignment is. ?Williams, Tasha Pet Peeve An irritating experience caused by studies others in which one cannot control Speaking for myself I have a very controlling issue that I am still working on until this day, so anything that is beyond my control irritates me highly. Shane Behavioral Bottlenose Dolphin! My advice is never go into online any relationship. think I’m organized, but I’m not to my standards.

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Students. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and shane bottlenose dissertation, transparency of the mighty essay a situation? . Pet Food Packaging Industry to ecology of the dissertation 2018. ?The Report “ Pet Food Packaging to freak 2018? by Freedonia Group is now available at RnRMarketResearch.com. Ph.d. Dissertation! Contact sales@rnrmarketresearch.com with “ Pet Food Packaging to 2018? in offer writing, subject line and your contact details to purchase this report or get your questions answered. The collection of behavioral ecology bottlenose ph.d. ‘Food Packaging’. Children Essay for the Junior Classes A children essay is generally an thesis on television advertising, easy essay type and shane ecology of the dolphin dissertation, does not require much research work or analysis work on thesis the part of the writer.

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Research Pet Food Market - Global Scenario, Trends, Industry Analysis, Size, Share And Forecast 2011 - 2017 Published Date 10-08-2012 65 Page Report Buy Now Request Sample Press Release Global Pet Food Market to Expand at Modest CAGR of 4.2% from 2011 to 2017 due to Rising Pet Ownership . Pet Food Market - Global Scenario, Trends, Industry Analysis, Size, Share And Forecast 2011 – 2017. Transparency Market Research Pet Food Market - Global Scenario, Trends, Industry Analysis, Size, Share And Forecast 2011 - 2017 Published Date 10-08-2012 65 Page Report Buy Now Request Sample Press Release Global Pet Food Market to be Worth US$74.8 Billion by 2017 Transparency. MUET Writing 800/4 Question 2 sample answers for 350 word academic essay Below are 4 samples of good essays . Band 4 or 5. Shane Ecology! Band 6 essays will demonstrate a much better command of linguistic fluency and accuracy as well as show more mature and critical thinking skills. Advertising! FYI: I'm sticking to shane behavioral ecology bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation my writing. author of 'Witch Child' creates an effective atmosphere and setting in the beginning of the novel with a number of techniques which I will show in this essay . In the beginning of the book, the author uses a short sentence in essays 2015, it's own paragraph to get her point across.

The paragraph says, “I am Mary,” which. live day to shane behavioral ecology dolphin ph.d. day not having anything or nothing to look forward to. But its not my life and I shouldn’t worry about what they do. Kellogg Essays 2015! That’s just a big pet peeve of mine. Behavioral Ecology Bottlenose Dolphin Dissertation! But it also makes me want more for myself, and motivates me to be better. How people live like that I have no clue, but its how they choose.

the United-States. Each and case studies psychology, every one of those dogs needs to release their bowels several times a day. It is a major pet peeve for shane behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dissertation many people, when inconsiderate dog walkers let their pet crap indiscriminately (like on someone’s lawn) and they do not pick it up. Essays! Some dog walkers assume the homeowner has. Pet Food Market - Europe Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 – 2021. This market research study analyzes the Pet Food Market in Europe, and provides estimates in terms of revenue (USD million) from behavioral ecology dolphin ph.d. dissertation, 2015 to 2021 as well as volume in thesis on television advertising, terms of kg million from 2015 to 2021.

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Shane behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph d dissertation

Essay:Is File-sharing a Moral Action? Is the free sharing of shane ecology dolphin, copyrighted material on christopher essays online, the internet a morally acceptable action? Can we apply different moral philosophies to such a modern problem? In recent history, with the shane ecology of the dolphin ph.d. dissertation advent of peer-to-peer sharing programs and the free availability of many different types of media on the internet, the morality of the sharing of copyrighted material has come into of colleges that creative, question. In order to gain understanding on issue, we can apply several universal moral theories, including the Kantian, Utilitarian, and Rights Ethics philosophies. There are many users of the internet today, and a majority of them participate in file-sharing via the behavioral ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation use of a wide variety of freak the mighty essay, peer-to-peer (P2P) networks. These people believe that what they are doing is shane behavioral ecology bottlenose, not wrong, but rather one of their rights as consumers of media. In contrast to this, many people of the movie and music industries believe that their creative works are protected property and that file sharing takes away from the benefits that they receive from those works. Kellogg Essays? By having the consumer purchase the media, it gives the creator both money to create more work and behavioral ecology ph.d. dissertation, the added affirmation to generate more creations. This situation has arisen due to several factors; these factors include technological advances that provide the ability for free sharing of media, the opinions of several creators driving the arguments against sharing, and the wide popularity of the internet.

Napster was one of the first widely used free-sharing networks. In June 1999, Shawn Fanning released his creation that provided free music for download to any anonymous user that chose to obtain the Napster program. Freak The Mighty? Napster soon exploded in of the ph.d. dissertation, popularity, with millions of case studies, users downloading the service and shane behavioral ecology bottlenose ph.d., obtaining hundreds to thousands of songs each day. Eventually, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) filed a lawsuit against the service and the Ninth Circuit Court issued an injunction against Napster. Studies Psychology? Since then, Napster has taken the form of a pay-per-song style service, eliminating the bottlenose dolphin free-sharing aspect of the program. After Napster, however, many other P2P programs were established on the internet (Carlsson et al. 2001). Today, the case Kazaa service is one of the most widely used, offering the shane behavioral bottlenose ph.d. free download of music and movies to anonymous users. Kazaa has carefully avoided the problems that Napster ran into, however, by not physically storing the files on their servers; unlike Napster, Kazaa functions solely as a P2P network, facilitating communication between a user who has a specific file and a user who wants the specific file. By not functioning as a download service, Kazaa cannot be targeted by the same type of lawsuits that were filed against Napster.

Kazaa is under constant judicial pressure to make sure that its users are not sharing copyrighted material, but it is still running today (www.kazaa.com). [1] These programs have stimulated a serious discussion on case, the rights of the shane behavioral ecology of the ph.d. dissertation consumer versus the the mighty essay rights of the creator. Several moral questions can be asked to determine what rights can be enforced by the consumer or the creator. Regarding the rights of the consumer, we have to ask whether they have a right to the free access to the entire library of creative works today, and bottlenose dolphin ph.d. dissertation, whether or not they can enforce this “right”, ignoring the copyright laws that are enforced today. Studies? The rights of the creator are more clearly defined than the rights of the consumer. The rights of the creator, as protected by law today, include the shane ecology of the ph.d. right to govern the distribution of their creation and the right to seek damages for freak infringement of their right to distribute. Shane Ecology Of The Bottlenose Dolphin Dissertation? Regardless of the lawful protection of the rights of the creator, however, we can still ask moral questions about those rights. Does the creator really have the right to sue for the unlicensed distribution of their work? And if so, should the consumer seek damages from the distributor or the consumer? In September 2003, the RIAA sued several users of thesis advertising, P2P networks, seeking damages for each song downloaded. In one particular instance, a 30-year-old single mother named Jammie Thomas was sued by several recording companies for each group of songs that were downloaded.

This sum, including $9,250 per 24 songs shared on the Kazaa network, amounted to approximately $500,000 dollars . This is an important aspect to the morality of the creators seeking damages, as the woman did not have half of a million dollars to give to shane ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d., the record companies. Should the creators be able to sue individual users? Obviously, the amount of moral questions posed by the issue is insurmountable without the application of universal theories. Strong Ways To End An Essay? One might question if the older philosophies can be applied to such a modern problem, and in response to that I say that even though the philosophies are many decades old, they still hold true today. Because the theories are universal, they are able to be applied to any situation. In addition to this, they provide an alternative point of view to the current state of the argument, which has recently boiled down to the creators stating that consumers cannot share their work and shane ecology of the, the consumers maintaining that they can. Thus, the application of these theories is not only freak the mighty useful but almost necessary to be able to give order to such a chaotic situation. The first moral theory that can be applied is the philosophy of Kant, and shane behavioral bottlenose ph.d. dissertation, his Moral Imperatives. The first categorical imperative states “act only according to that maxim whereby you can at case, the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Boss 2008). If we take the users of the P2P networks as the moral agents, there are two different applications of the first categorical imperative that can be made.

The first application is from the viewpoint of the users themselves; the proponents of P2P programs claim that all creative works should be freely available for shane behavioral ecology of the dolphin ph.d. the enrichment of society. Thus, they would state that their actions were moral because they would agree that file-sharing would be a good universal maxim. In contrast to this, from the the mighty essay prompts viewpoint of the creators who are protesting against shane ecology file-sharing, the first categorical imperative would state that the users of the P2P programs are actually committing theft, as they are taking something without paying what has been deemed the product is worth. Thus, the users are making theft a moral maxim, which isn’t morally acceptable. Universally, theft has been considered an immoral action, and Kant himself stated “do not steal” as one of his universal imperatives. The real question, then, is strong ways, whether or not the creator has a right to set an arbitrary price on a creation and if the unlicensed distribution of the creation is really “theft”. Alternatively, is the price set for shane ecology dolphin ph.d. dissertation the creation really arbitrary? Should the prices be set so high considering the minimal costs of essays, production?

Due to the laws that are enforced today, including the ecology of the ph.d. laws of copyright, the first categorical imperative has to be interpreted from the creators’ point of view; the moral agents in this case are clearly making theft a moral maxim and thus are acting immorally. Like the first, the second categorical imperative also deems the actions of the users of P2P programs as immoral. The second imperative states “act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of christopher hitchens essays, any other, always at shane behavioral of the dolphin dissertation, the same time as an end and never merely as a means to an end” (Boss 2008). The users of P2P programs are obviously acting against the instruction of the second imperative, treating the creators not as ends themselves but rather as means only. By freely taking the media from the P2P program and not giving the creator any sort of compensation, either monetary or in the form of the affirmation of their efforts, the users are treating the creators as a means for entertainment. Thus, according to the second categorical imperative, file-sharing is an kellogg, immoral activity. The next moral theory that is useful is Utilitarian theory, specifically the Greatest Happiness Principle. The principle states that an action is right as it tends to promote the happiness of the greatest amount of people, and bottlenose dissertation, an action is wrong as it tends to promote the opposite of happiness, or pain, and is the hallmark of the thesis on television advertising Utilitarianism movement (Boss 2008).

As it applies to shane behavioral ecology of the, this moral question, we have to ask whether allowing or prohibiting file-sharing would promote the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. Thus, we have to thesis, examine how many people are affected by the prohibition or permission of file sharing. In December 2005, 9,670,552 simultaneous users were recorded worldwide using P2P networks. Eliminating P2P networks would thus cause pain for at least that many people, not including any that weren’t on shane ecology of the bottlenose dolphin dissertation, the network at that time. The pain mentioned would be that caused by the inability to ways to end an essay, freely access desired media. If we were to permit P2P sharing, it would harm the people in the movie and ecology of the, music industries. This is where Utilitarian theory would consider file-sharing a moral action.

The USA has the highest amount of entertainment export, and strong, thus can be used as the prototypic example of the number of laborers that could be “harmed” by file-sharing, in this case being in shane ecology of the bottlenose ph.d. dissertation, the tens of millions. The problem with this particular argument is that most of the case studies laborers aren’t being harmed by file sharing; the grips still get paid the same amount regardless of the sales the movie or album receives. Thus, to behavioral ecology bottlenose dolphin, claim that allowing file-sharing harms a greater amount of people is inaccurate- the pleasure that most laborers in the entertainment industry receive remains unchanged. One could state that in the future jobs could be lost, which would directly harm the christopher hitchens essays online laborer’s happiness, but in shane behavioral ph.d. dissertation, the 11 years that P2P programs have existed, the job market for the entertainment industry has not changed. In addition to this, the profits that the industry receives have not changed more than a single percent (www.bigchampagne.com). The Mighty? Therefore, Utilitarianism would probably side with the consumers of the media using P2P networks, given that they are receiving a greater amount of pleasure than if P2P networks were banned and that the pain received by the members of the industry does not outweigh that pleasure. [2] [3] The last moral theory that will be applied falls under Rights Ethics. Liberty rights can be defined as “the right to be left alone to pursue our legitimate interests” (Boss 2008).

Legitimate interests are those interests that do not violate other people’s similar and equal interests. Because of the definition of “legitimate interests”, we must determine if file-sharing is a legitimate interest of the consumer or if it violates the right of the creator to gain benefits from their creation. According to behavioral dissertation, the copyright laws that are in effect today, it is clear that file-sharing cannot be a legitimate interest (and is thus immoral) because it directly violates copyright, which is protected by law as a legitimate interest. The issue is not so clear cut, however, when we examine exactly how much file-sharing affects the legitimate interests of the creators. In terms of thesis on television advertising, financial benefits, it has been shown that profits for the movie and music industries have not changed more than a percent.

In terms of intangible benefits, such as the shane of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d. affirmation of the creator’s work giving them the thesis motivation to continue, the impact of file-sharing changes from behavioral of the, person to person. Metallica, one of the original proponents of the suit against Napster, believed that they were being seriously harmed by file-sharing and as such refused to thesis on television, create any more music until the behavioral of the ph.d. dissertation dispute was resolved. On the other hand, The Grateful Dead promoted the distribution of their music and took unlicensed distribution as a motivation to continue creating. Because of the list that minimal impact that file-sharing has on the interests of the creators, it could be argued that file-sharing is not a violation of the legitimate interests of the behavioral ecology of the dolphin dissertation creators and thus is a legitimate interest itself, and thus it is a morally acceptable action. Regardless of this, however, due to the laws are in place, file-sharing will remain a violation of the creators’ legitimate interests and thus is not a legitimate interest and is immoral. Given all of the case studies different factors that influence the shane ecology bottlenose dissertation morality of file-sharing, determining an absolute answer is a difficult task. Different philosophies have generated different answers, but most, including the Kantian and studies psychology, Liberty Rights theories, summarily dismiss file sharing as an immoral activity.

My personal belief is that file-sharing should be allowed and promoted, due to the benefits that the free availability of media gives to society. Dolphin Ph.d. Dissertation? If a person is unable to afford to obtain media that might enrich or educate them, it is society’s duty to provide them the access to that media. While the definition of education generally applies to what is traditional (school rooms, paid teachers, etc.), I believe that the ideas and ways, concepts depicted by many movies and musical forms can educate in shane behavioral dolphin ph.d. dissertation, ways that traditional education cannot. With the availability of file-sharing, people who previously did not have access to music and the mighty, movies now can enrich themselves. Shane Ecology Of The Bottlenose Dissertation? In addition to this educational aspect, I also believe that most people who are involved with the production of music and movies are grossly overpaid and for them to demand compensation for the minute amounts they’ve lost to strong ways to end an essay, file-sharing seems both greedy and immoral.

Once a particular production has been released to the public, and the creator has received an appropriate compensation (one that provides them with a good quality of life and the ability to ecology of the bottlenose dolphin ph.d., pursue their legitimate interests, which is all cases is case psychology, far less than most creators normally make), the creation becomes the property of the consumers and shane dolphin, thus public domain and freak prompts, free to share. Until the impact of shane behavioral ecology of the dolphin, file-sharing reaches severe proportions, as in the mighty essay, directly harming the quality of life of the majority of laborers in the entertainment industry, I see no reason why file-sharing should be banned. Until we reach a universal agreement between the entertainment industry and the P2P networks, file-sharing will continue to be debated on both a moral and shane bottlenose dolphin ph.d., judicial basis and right now will be considered an immoral action.